Journal : People's Daily (Chinese) Date : Author : Lv Pengfei Page No. : 11
URL : http://paper.people.com.cn/dnis/index.jsp

The supreme court of India recently cancelled  results of the national preparatory exams for Medical science and stomatology , and ordered the Middle Education Committee to rearrange the exam. Held on May 3, 2015 the exam was given by 630 thousand candidates to compete for over 3000 admissions. However, the exam witnessed serious cheating, which  caused a great stir in India.

 

It is reported that over 700 candidates brought cellphones or other electronic devices into exam sites, and used them to get test answers from outside. Following the  information the Indian police received, they arrested suspects who were transmitting answers outside the exam hall . The judge who gave the judicial verdict said that accepting the results of the exam signified abandoning of integrity, which would disappoint students who possessed real talents. It would also breach the spirit of the exams. The canceling of the results this time covered the widest range in recent years in India.

 

The fierce competition in the exam is likely to be a major cause for the Candidates to cheat by hook or by crook. Recent statistics released by Indian Medical Science Association shows that India has more than 400 medical schools with 52 thousand students including 25 thousand students in public medical schools. Indian public hospitals plan to receive 3085 preparatory students this year (except for All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) and Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER)). But 630 thousand people registered for the exam, and only 0.5% of them can pass.

 

It is the superior conditions of public medical schools that attracted several thousand of people to compete to reach the other side of the single-plank footbridge. Indian government provides sufficient subsidies for public medical schools, where the total expense for a student range from 25 thousand Rupees to 75 thousand. But in private medical schools, the expense will be from 1500 thousand to 4000 thousand, which may exclude students from poor family. Besides, the high threshold of India’s public schools has won high public recognition. It is easy for students from the schools to find jobs.

 

To be a doctor is one of the common choices for one’s career in India nowadays. An Indian friend told PD that children in India would always put doctor and engineer in one category as their ideal career. Doctors in India are among the high-income earners. Currently, the average monthly income of People in India is 7378 Rupees, less than 100 thousand Rupees for yearly income. But the yearly income of doctors is 530 thousand Rupees. No wonder people keep chasing it.

 

To some extent, people’s admiration for doctors reflects the fact that India is now facing a shortage of doctors. According to a new report released by India Medical Science Association, by the end of last March, India has 910 thousand registered doctors. Taking the population of India into consideration, the number of doctors in India is lower than the standard set by WHO. The problem is more serious in rural areas. The population of rural areas in India takes 70%, while only 33% doctors from India’s public system are now working in rural areas.

 

医考舞弊折射印度教育资源不均

来源:《人民日报》

时间:2015年7月4日

 

 

 

医考舞弊折射印度教育资源不均

 

本报驻印度记者  吕鹏飞

 

印度最高法院近日裁定,全印医学和口腔预科入学考试成绩作废,并责令印度中等教育委员会择期重新组织考试。全印医学和口腔预科入学考试已于5月3日举行,共有63万名考生争夺印度中央和地方公立医学院的3000多个入学名额。然而,这一考试却发生了严重的舞弊行为,在印度社会掀起轩然大波。

据了解,700多名考生在考试当天将手机或其他电子设备带入考场,接受考场外发送的试题答案。印度警方在获得线索后,在一处考点将正在传送答案的嫌犯抓获,这一作弊丑闻也得以曝光。作出上述裁决的印度最高法院法官表示,如果接受这一考试结果,那么就得牺牲掉品德,这会让真正具有天赋的学生失望,也与考试的精神相违背。从涉及的范围来看,这是近年来印度发生的最大一起考试结果取消事件。

考生不择手段作弊,其实也与该考试竞争的激烈程度有关。据印度医学会最新统计,当前全印共有近400家医学院,在校学生5.2万人,其中公立医学院2.5万人。本年度,印度公立医院预科生的招生规模为3085人(不含著名的公立医院全印医学院和贾瓦哈拉尔高等医学研究所)。按照63万人的报考规模计算,最终通过率只有约0.5%。

数十万人竞过独木桥,这与印度公立医学院的优越条件有关。据了解,印度政府对于公立医学院补贴较高,一名在校生大学期间个人总花费在2.5万卢比到7.5万卢比(1美元约合63.4卢比)之间,而在私立医学院,在校生的总花费则高达150万卢比到400万卢比,这让不少寒门学子望而却步。此外,印度公立医学院入学难、门槛高,社会认可度高,毕业后很容易找到工作。

医生是当前印度社会炙手可热的职业。一名印度友人告诉本报记者,印度学童通常会将医生与工程师并列,作为他们未来的理想职业。医生在印度也属于高收入群体之列。当前,全印的人均月收入为7378卢比,每年不到10万卢比,而医生的平均年收入则高达53万卢比,是名符其实的“香饽饽”。

医生职业受到热捧,在一定程度上也反映了印度社会医生短缺的现实。根据印度医学会所发布的最新报告,截至去年3月,印度共有注册医生91万人。以此计算,每千人医生比例约为0.75,低于世界卫生组织的标准。这一情况在农村地区更为严重。印度农村人口占总人口的70%,但是只有33%的印度公立系统医生在农村地区工作。

(本报新德里电)

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