Journal : People's Daily (Chinese) Date : Author : Lv Pengfei Page No. : 11

The supreme court of India recently cancelled  results of the national preparatory exams for Medical science and stomatology , and ordered the Middle Education Committee to rearrange the exam. Held on May 3, 2015 the exam was given by 630 thousand candidates to compete for over 3000 admissions. However, the exam witnessed serious cheating, which  caused a great stir in India.


It is reported that over 700 candidates brought cellphones or other electronic devices into exam sites, and used them to get test answers from outside. Following the  information the Indian police received, they arrested suspects who were transmitting answers outside the exam hall . The judge who gave the judicial verdict said that accepting the results of the exam signified abandoning of integrity, which would disappoint students who possessed real talents. It would also breach the spirit of the exams. The canceling of the results this time covered the widest range in recent years in India.


The fierce competition in the exam is likely to be a major cause for the Candidates to cheat by hook or by crook. Recent statistics released by Indian Medical Science Association shows that India has more than 400 medical schools with 52 thousand students including 25 thousand students in public medical schools. Indian public hospitals plan to receive 3085 preparatory students this year (except for All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) and Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER)). But 630 thousand people registered for the exam, and only 0.5% of them can pass.


It is the superior conditions of public medical schools that attracted several thousand of people to compete to reach the other side of the single-plank footbridge. Indian government provides sufficient subsidies for public medical schools, where the total expense for a student range from 25 thousand Rupees to 75 thousand. But in private medical schools, the expense will be from 1500 thousand to 4000 thousand, which may exclude students from poor family. Besides, the high threshold of India’s public schools has won high public recognition. It is easy for students from the schools to find jobs.


To be a doctor is one of the common choices for one’s career in India nowadays. An Indian friend told PD that children in India would always put doctor and engineer in one category as their ideal career. Doctors in India are among the high-income earners. Currently, the average monthly income of People in India is 7378 Rupees, less than 100 thousand Rupees for yearly income. But the yearly income of doctors is 530 thousand Rupees. No wonder people keep chasing it.


To some extent, people’s admiration for doctors reflects the fact that India is now facing a shortage of doctors. According to a new report released by India Medical Science Association, by the end of last March, India has 910 thousand registered doctors. Taking the population of India into consideration, the number of doctors in India is lower than the standard set by WHO. The problem is more serious in rural areas. The population of rural areas in India takes 70%, while only 33% doctors from India’s public system are now working in rural areas.










本报驻印度记者  吕鹏飞









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