Journal : Jiefang Daily (Chinese) Date : Author : NA Page No. : 04
URL : http://newspaper.jfdaily.com/jfrb/html/2015-09/06/content_128333.htm

Xinhua News Agency, New Delhi. Sep.5—millions of Indians from Public transportation, city construction, banks, family service and other major service industries went on a nationwide strike on Sep. 2nd, leaving great impact on people’s life and dozens of billion dollars losses. This is the largest strike occurred after Indian Prime Minister Modi took office. Analysts say this strike targets on a series of economic reform policy initiated by Modi, including Labor Law reform and SOE reform, etc. This is also a great challenge for the determination of Modi’s government on the reform.

 

Public service sector “taking the lead”

 

Most of the strikers are from public service sectors including public transportation, state-owned banks, city construction, and so on. The trade union which organized the strike demanded the government not to launch reform that could violate the rights of labors and asked for raising social security, reducing privatizations, bringing more investment to state-owned organizations, etc. Modi had been advocating reform on the labor law which was formed during colonial period since he took office. For example, Modi’s reform was planned to allow enterprises to dismiss workers or announce bankrupt more easily. The plan was strongly opposed by some trade unions, especially public service sectors. Strikers from Western Bangal and Kerala where leftist parties have great influence took a larger proportion. The strike also reveals that these traditional regions where still influenced by planned economy contain the greatest resistance to the Bharatiya Janata Party.

 

Erase the “brand” of planned economy

India has exercised planned economy for a long period of time since its independency. The national economic planning committee was responsible for making economic policies. Public department and some SOE held very high rank in India in the old days. But the situation changed in 1990s as the beginning of India’s marketization. Modi’s government has been encouraging private enterprises to take part in the countries’ economic activities since it came to power last year, and it also removed the national economy planning committee, which have objectively threatened the status of public department and state-owned enterprises. Moreover, as the country’s economy has been growing for a couple of years, there’s a big polarization of the rich and poor, which leads to serious social problems, and also this big strike.

 

 

印大罢工“叫板”改革

 

据新华社新德里9月5日电 印度2日发生全国范围大罢工,公交、城市建筑、银行、家庭服务和其他主要服务行业的数百万人参与了罢工,使民众生活受到不同程度影响,经济损失估计达几十亿美元。这是印度总理莫迪执政以来遭遇的最大规模罢工。分析人士认为,此次罢工直指莫迪倡导的一系列经济改革政策,包括劳工法改革和国企改革等,是对莫迪政府改革决心的一次重大考验。

 

公共服务行业“领衔”

 

参加此次罢工的大多是公交、国有银行和城市建设等公共和服务部门的员工。组织罢工的工会要求政府不要进行有损劳工权益的劳工法改革,并要求提高社会保险和最低工资保障、减少私有化、加大对国有机构的投入等。莫迪上台后,主张对印度在英国殖民时期形成的一整套劳工法进行改革,包括允许企业以更简单的方式解雇工人和因经济不景气宣布倒闭等。这一计划遭到一些工会的强烈反对,特别是公共服务部门。此次罢工,左翼政党势力比较强大的西孟加拉邦和喀拉拉邦参加的人数比例最高,表明这些带有计划经济色彩的传统地区对政策偏右的人民党政府抵触情绪最强。

 

擦去计划经济“烙印”

 

自独立以来,印度长期实行计划经济模式,由国家经济计划委员会负责制定经济政策,公共部门和一些国有企业过去在印度享有很高地位。上世纪九十年代以来,印度开始市场化改革,原先的计划经济模式受到冲击,公共部门地位随之下降。莫迪政府去年上台后进一步鼓励私营企业参与国家经济活动,并取消了国家经济计划委员会,客观上也给公共部门和国有企业的地位带来更大冲击。此外,随着最近十几年经济的增长,财富分配严重不均,社会矛盾严重,也是这次大罢工背后的深层次原因。

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