Journal : People's Daily (Chinese) Date : Author : NA Page No. : 3
URL : http://paper.people.com.cn/rmrb/html/2016-02/19/nw.D110000renmrb_20160219_1-03.htm

In Chinese President Xi Jinping’s first foreign tour in April 2015, his first stop was “close friend” Pakistan. The purpose of President Xi’s visit was to upgrade the China-Pakistan relationship to an “all-weather” strategic cooperative partnership. Over the course of the past year, leaders of China and Pakistan signed 51 agreements of cooperation due to efforts from both the sides. This includes a strong push for construction of a China-Pakistan economic corridor to allow the people of Pakistan to reap the benefits of China’s growing cooperation with Pakistan.

Energy Cooperation— A Desert transforms into an oasis of solar energy

2015 was an important year for the China-Pakistan corridor as it progressed from the planning to implementation stage. The China-Pakistan corridor is a flagship project of the “One Belt-One Road” strategy. During President Xi’s visit, both  sides identified the construction of this corridor as critical. The four key projects of the corridor include the Gwadar port, energy, infrastructure development and industrial cooperation, which make up the “1+4” cooperation arrangement. Earlier this year on January 15, the Pakistan government decided to set up a Pakistan Economic Corridor Steering Committee chaired by Prime Minister Sharif in order to improve coordination and advancement of the construction of the China-Pakistan economic corridor. According to an expert, the China-Pakistan economic corridor will be a “powerful boost” for Pakistan.

For a long time Pakistan has been plagued by energy shortages; electricity shortages have hampered people’s lives as well as overall economic development. Pakistan faces a daily electricity shortfall of 400 million Kwh. At its peak in the summer the shortfall reaches 750 million Kwh. Daily power cuts for over ten hours are a norm. Access to sources of energy is the key element for sustainable development of Pakistan’s economy. During President Xi’s visit, Prime Minister Sharif reiterated his aspiration for energy cooperation on a number of occasions. Of the 51 agreements signed, half of the projects were energy related.

The Jinnah Solar Energy Industrial Park, located in Punjab province of Pakistan, along with Tebian Electric Apparatus (TBEA), located in Xinjiang, has been running a 100 megawatt solar energy project which has been producing photovoltaic energy since its completion early last year. Zhao Chaofeng, the person incharge of the power station, told this reporter that by the end of 2015, the project had already accumulated 120 million Kwh of clean energy for local transportation. Pakistan’s Minister of Planning and Development, Ehsan Iqbal Chowdhury said, “At a time when other international investors didn’t want to invest in Pakistan due to security reasons, China invested in Pakistan to build power stations. This was a big help to us.”

With investments adding up to over 1.5 billion dollars, the Jinnah Solar Industrial Park 900 megawatt photovoltaic energy project is a priority project that is being pursued as part of the China-Pakistan economic corridor. It is one of the biggest photovoltaic energy production projects in the world and is also China’s largest overseas photovoltaic energy investment so far. The project, which began construction during President Xi’s Pakistan visit, is already generating 50 megawatts of electricity in the first phase. The remainder 250 megawatt will be generated once construction is completed. Qasim, a young Pakistani man working on this project exclaimed that Chinese companies will “convert the desert into an energy oasis where all Pakistani people will want to go”.

On January 10 this year, 50 km away from Islamabad on the riverside of Jhelum, China’s Three Gorges Corporation started working on their main project—the Kohala hydroelectric power plant. This is the first hydroelectric investment project under the China-Pakistan economic corridor and also the first single fund Silk Road project. After the completion of this project, it will provide Pakistan with 3.1 billion Kilowatts of clean energy, thus playing a very effective part in solving Pakistan’s electricity shortage problem. Three Gorges Corporation’s Chairman Lu Chun said Pakistan is rich in hydroelectric power and other clean energy sources . It also has huge market demand, therefore using the water resource rich Jhelum for hydroelectric projects will be very fruitful. Using nature’s gift to convert a stream of water into money and clean energy is a dream nurtured by the people of Pakistan for 40 years. Now this dream is within reach. Haider, who works in the South Asia division of the Three Gorges Corporation, told this reporter that, “this project will open Pakistan to development and prosperity and will benefit our fellow citizens”. The Kohala hydroelectric power plant will be a model of Chinese technology as well as a standard for overseas investment. It will also create more than 2000 jobs for local people and promote the development of related power generation industry.

Traffic network–Revitalize economic development resources

Building a fast and smooth transportation network is essential for economic development. On December 22, 2015, two transport infrastructure projects—the Karachi-Lahore expressway (Skur to Multan section) and the upgrading of the Karakoram Highway (link with Tashkurgan) were officially signed as part of the China-Pakistan economic corridor project.

The signing of the Karachi-Lahore expressway contract under the China-Pakistan economic corridor is a landmark event. Chen Wenjian, GM of the overseas projects division in the Chinese construction company working on this project, told this reporter that this project will help strengthen the traditional friendship between China and Pakistan. The related Chinese industries produced along the line will work efficiently and will help in the export of Chinese construction equipment, manufacturing equipment and construction material.

High grade transportation infrastructure is essential for regional economic development. The GM of the China Overseas Projects Implementation Department and China Road and Bridge Engineering Co Ltd, Lu Shan, said that the second phase of Karakorum expressway project will upgraded, thus expanding the coverage and scope of Pakistan’s road network. It will also increase its standard and the strengthen regional economic ties between Islamabad and Banan region along the expressway. Amir Lula Khan, a travel agent from Pakistan’s Hunza region, said that Hunza, in Pakistan’s Northern region, possesses unique tourism potential. Earlier it was covered by mountains and people had no knowledge of its existence. But now its tourism potential can be realised thanks to the Karakorum highway which has been effectively linked with other areas.

The China Railroad Company and China North Industries Corporation (Norinco) will jointly construct the Lahore metro orange line project. The Export-Import bank of China has offered a loan of 1.61 billion dollars to fund the project. The total length of this line will be 27 km with a total of 26 stations. Construction of 1500 foundation poles were already completed by the end of last year. On October 26, 2015, the China International Aviation Joint stock Ltd Company started a Beijing-Islamabad air route, opening an air connection between the two cities for the first time.

The gradual implementation of transport infrastructure projects strengthens Pakistan’s economic development. Step-by-step these close exchanges create favorable conditions for Pakistan and China.

Benefits for the people — Vast prospects of friendly cooperation

The Gwadar FTA status is particularly important under the China-Pakistan economic corridor framework, . In order to strengthen Gwadar port’s operational capability, China overseas Port Holding Ltd Corporation has intensified the setting up of port related installations. Both China and Pakistan are actively driving forward the Gwadar Port East Bay expressway, the new international airport and other projects. Chinese companies are also actively helping in the construction of Gwadar Port elementary school, Gwadar hospital and Gwadar Technical Vocational College to improve the living standard of local people,

There are a number of other eye catching projects as well. The Qasim port coal-fired power plants, large 50,000 Kwt wind power projects combined with additional energy from 100,000 kwt of wind power projects, as well as other projects have already been started. There are many other projects which will either be begun in 2016 or continue to be pursued. Along with the implementation of China-Pakistan cooperation projects, companies and builders from all over China are coming together on this hot real estate in order to improve Pakistan

People in both the countries will benefit from the friendly cooperation. This cooperation will become a model for regional peace, sustainable development and mutual respect and cooperation between countries.—China’s “can give up gold but not its friendship with Pakistan” approach has also touched the hearts of the people of Pakistan. In April last year, President Xi himself awarded Masood Khan (the Head of Islamabad Strategic Research Institute and former Pakistani Ambassador to China) the Five Principles of Friendship Award. Masood Khan said that during President Xi’s visit to Pakistan both countries signed many agreements. It was the biggest gift given to the people of Pakistan from China and offers a new hope of development to Pakistan’s people. Khalid Rehman, the Head of the Islamabad Policy Research Institute, believes that China and Pakistan’s pragmatic collaboration reflects the determination and effort by both the countries to create a common destiny.

2016 is the 65th anniversary of the establishment of China-Pakistan diplomatic relations. ChairmanXi Jinping’s visit to Pakistan provided a strong impetus to the relations and gave their friendship a profound traditional Chinese meaning of “higher than mountains, deeper than sea and sweeter than honey”. The future of China-Pakistan friendly cooperation is definitely bright !

Original Text

中巴经济走廊建设硕果累累

2015年4月,中国国家主席习近平首访第一站选择了有着“铁哥们”之称的巴基斯坦。习主席访巴期间,中巴关系提升为全天候战略合作伙伴关系。近一年来,在中巴双方的共同推动下,两国领导人共同见证签署的51项合作协议,有力推动中巴经济走廊建设,让巴基斯坦人民在对华合作中收获了实实在在的发展红利。

能源合作—— 荒漠变成光能绿洲

2015年是中巴经济走廊从规划步入全面实施的重要一年。中巴经济走廊是“一带一路”的旗舰项目。习主席访巴期间,双方确定了以中巴经济走廊建设为中心,瓜达尔港、能源、基础设施建设、产业合作为四大重点的“1+4”合作布局。今年1月15日,巴基斯坦政府决定成立以总理谢里夫为主席的中巴经济走廊建设指导委员会,以更好地协调推进中巴经济走廊建设。一家关注中巴友好合作的媒体发表评论称,中巴经济走廊将为巴基斯坦“强力充电”。

长期以来,能源短缺、电力不足困扰着巴基斯坦人民生活和经济发展。巴全国日均电力缺口为400万千瓦时,夏季用电高峰时期,日均电力缺口高达750万千瓦时,每天停电10多个小时是常态。能源是巴经济实现可持续发展的关键要素。习主席访巴期间,谢里夫总理多次表达了能源合作的强烈意愿。在51项协议中,能源项目占据半壁江山。

旁遮普省的真纳太阳能工业园里,中国新疆特变电工股份有限公司承建的100兆瓦太阳能光伏发电项目自去年全部建成投入运营后一直安全运转。该电站负责人赵超峰告诉本报记者,截至2015年底,项目已累计为当地输送1.2亿千瓦时清洁电力。巴计划和发展部长阿赫桑·伊克巴尔·乔杜里说:“在其他国际投资者因安全形势不愿到巴基斯坦投资时,中国在巴基斯坦投资建设电站,是对我们的巨大帮助。”

真纳太阳能工业园里的中兴能源900兆瓦光伏项目,是中巴经济走廊优先实施项目,总投资额逾15亿美元,是世界上最大的单体光伏发电项目之一,也是迄今为止中企最大规模海外光伏投资项目。习主席访巴期间,项目正式开工建设。如今,一期50兆瓦工程并网发电,其余250兆瓦工程施工已近尾声。在这里工作的巴基斯坦小伙子卡西姆感叹,中国企业将“当地人都不来的荒漠变成了巴基斯坦的光能绿洲”。

交通网络—— 盘活经济发展资源

今年1月10日,距伊斯兰堡50多公里的吉拉姆河畔,中国长江三峡集团承建的卡洛特水电站主体工程开工。这是中巴经济走廊首个水电投资项目,也是丝路基金首单项目。项目建成后每年将为巴提供逾31亿千瓦时的清洁能源,将有效缓解巴电力短缺问题。三峡集团董事长卢纯表示,巴基斯坦具有丰富的水电等清洁能源资源和巨大的市场需求,让水能资源丰富的吉拉姆河涌水成金,将大自然馈赠的湍急水流转变为清洁能源,是巴基斯坦人40年的梦想。如今,这一梦想已触手可及。供职于三峡集团南亚公司的瓦西·海德尔告诉本报记者,这一项目将使巴基斯坦“通向发展和繁荣的光明彼岸,造福我们的同胞”。卡洛特水电站在为中国水电技术和标准走向海外提供典范的同时,还将为当地提供2000多个就业岗位,大大带动当地电力配套行业的协调发展和产业升级。

打造快捷、畅通的交通网络对经济发展至关重要。2015年12月22日,中巴经济走廊两项道路交通建设合同——卡拉奇至拉合尔高速公路(苏库尔至木尔坦段)和喀喇昆仑公路升级改造二期(哈维连至塔科特段)正式签署。

卡拉奇至拉合尔高速公路商务合同的签署是中巴经济走廊建设中具有里程碑意义的事件。中建股份海外事业部总经理陈文健对本报记者说,该项目有利于加强中巴两国的传统友谊,对中国相关行业走出去产生示范性作用,并将带动中国施工设备、装备制造和建筑材料出口。

区域经济的发展离不开良好的交通基础设施。中国交建海外事业部执行总经理兼中国路桥工程有限责任公司总经理卢山表示,喀喇昆仑公路升级改造二期项目建设拓展了巴公路网覆盖范围,提高了其等级水平,有利于加强沿线地区与伊斯兰堡及巴南部的经济联系,从而促进沿线经济发展。巴基斯坦罕萨地区旅行社负责人阿米尔鲁拉·汗说,罕萨位于巴北部,旅游资源得天独厚,以前藏在山中无人识,喀喇昆仑公路的贯通有效盘活了当地各种资源,充分释放了旅游潜力。

拉合尔轨道交通橙线项目由中国铁路总公司与中国北方工业公司组成的联营体承建,中国进出口银行提供总额约16.1亿美元的贷款。该项目线路全长27公里,共设26座车站。截至去年年底,已完成约1500根桩基础施工。2015年10月26日,中国国际航空股份有限公司开通了北京—伊斯兰堡航线,这是国内航空公司开通的首条连接北京和伊斯兰堡的空中通道。

一个个交通基础设施项目的落实,增添了巴基斯坦经济发展活力,也为中巴进一步密切交流创造了更为有利的条件。

造福人民—— 友好合作前景广阔

在中巴经济走廊框架下,瓜达尔自贸区地位格外重要。为提升瓜达尔港运营能力,中国海外港口控股有限公司正加紧修复港口相关设施。中巴双方正积极推进瓜达尔港东湾快速公路、新国际机场等项目。为帮助当地民众改善生活水平,中国企业积极援助建设瓜达尔港小学、瓜达尔医院、瓜达尔技术职业学院。

引人注目的项目还有很多:卡西姆港燃煤电站、大沃5万千瓦风电、联合能源10万千瓦风电等项目已开工,还有一大批项目将于2016年开工或继续推进。随着一个又一个中巴合作项目的启动和实施,来自中国各地的企业和建设者们汇聚在巴基斯坦这片热土上,为巴基础设施改善和经济社会发展奉献智慧,努力工作。

中巴友好合作造福两国人民,促进了地区和平、稳定与发展,成为国与国之间相互尊重、平等互利、合作共赢的典范。中国“宁舍金子,不舍中巴友谊”的做法,也让巴基斯坦民众深深感动。去年4月,习主席亲自授予伊斯兰堡战略研究所所长、巴基斯坦前驻华大使马苏德·汗和平共处五项原则友谊奖。马苏德·汗说,习主席访巴期间两国签署的诸多协议,是中国给巴基斯坦人民的最伟大礼物,它们给巴基斯坦人民带来了发展的新希望。伊斯兰堡政策研究所所长哈立德·拉赫曼认为,中巴务实合作,体现了两国打造命运共同体的决心和努力。

2016年是中巴建交65周年。习近平主席访巴产生的巨大带动效应,必将赋予中巴两国“比山高、比海深、比蜜甜”的传统友好关系更为深刻的内涵,中巴友好合作的明天一定会更美好!

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