Journal : Global Times (Chinese) Date : Author : NA Page No. : 8
URL : http://www.jdqu.com/read-806279-8.html

The Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesperson denounced the United States yesterday as the real perpetrator for the militarisation of the South China Sea. The spokesperson stated that that U.S. frequently sends warships and fighter jets to the South China Sea and repeatedly uses a combination of pressure and incentives to lure their allies and partners to participate in joint military exercises or cruise navigations exclusively in the South China Sea.

On the same day, the Australia media divulged that the U.S. supports Australia to increasingly exercise “freedom of navigation” (in the South China Sea).  The U.S. has already provoked China through frequently conducted reconnaissance missions in South China Sea. International media commonly believes that China deployed guided missiles on Yongxing island in response to America。The U.S. expects to be able get together some of its smaller allies to give them impetus but ironically  India publicly left the U.S. red faced.

America slapped in the face

The Indian Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) publicly rejected the U.S.’s proposal for a joint patrol on the Chinese South Sea at a time when the U.S. is trying to create an “arbitration front” on the South China Sea.

The U.S. Department of Defence senior official Wright Hill White has been putting pressure on allies like Australia, EU, Japan, and South Korea to declare their support for the arbitration court on issues related to the South China Sea. Russian expert TK sarcastically noted, “Some advice to Americans: learn to respect international law first, before using it to offer lessons to other countries,”

The “ASEAN-India relations: A new model, new paradigm” forum was held in India a few days ago. At the opening ceremony on February 17,  Secretary (East) Anil Wadhwa remarked, “we refused America. There will be no joint patrol on the South China Sea”.

Philippines Star Newspaper reported on February 18 that India’s statement offering clarification followed the U.S. and ASEAN voiced their concerns of militarisation of the South China Sea. But also followed the U.S.’s decision to sell F-16 fighter jets to traditional Indian adversary Pakistan. The MEA stated on February 13, “We are disappointed at the decision of the Obama administration to notify the sale of F-16 aircraft to Pakistan”. We disagree with their rationale that such arms transfers help to combat terrorism. The US Ambassador will be summoned by the MEA to convey our displeasure”. On the same day that India expressed their statement, Mark Daytona, the U.S. State Department spokesperson, expressed, “At present, there is no plan to for a joint navigation with India”. On February 19 several Indian media publications quoted Sushma Swaraj, Indian Minister of External Affairs, as saying that the developing situation in the South China Sea is a cause for concern for India.

Rumours of a India-U.S. joint patrol arose from a Reuters report on February 10. The report cited an anonymous official from the U.S. DoD who stated that the U.S. and India had a meeting and discussed a joint patrol in the South China Sea. The hope was to get the operation—that will include both the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea— started this year. The report also quoted an Indian official who claimed that the idea of a joint patrol came up following the Indian Defence Minister’s visit and meeting   meetings with senior official in Hawaii . The Diplomat publication believes that if one day India does take part in a South China Sea patrol it would indicate a significant change in their East Asia strategy, naval doctrine and cooperation with states. The Hindustan Times reported that The Chinese Foreign Ministry squeezed time from its Spring Festival vacation to send warnings to other states and India.

On a thread on the  Philippines Star Newspaper website, netizen Jose Maria de Manila  expressed his disappointed and left a message. “If the world does not react immediately against such kind of bold Chinese aggression, similar to Kennedy’s inaction to the Soviet Union’s invasion during the Cuban missile crises, it will be too late. But another netizen Howard2009 responded, “Chinese people would not dare to and would never deploy guided missiles, war crafts, bombers or even aircraft carriers on the borders of U.S. On the contrary,  it is the U.S. that has been doing this to China for a long time.

Chen Yixing, from the Research Institute of the Americas at Tamkang University, said  in an interview with this journalist “this is a smart move by India”. He also added that India obviously understands that the benefits of having a good relationship with the mainland surpasses the advantages of participating in the joint patrol with the U.S..

At a press conference on February 19, the Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hong Lei said that the present state of offairs is that the U.S. is continually deploying military power in the South China Sea. It frequently sending warcrafts to the South China Sea region for reconnaissance missions, as well as guided missile destroyers and strategetic bomber several times in areas close to  China’s Nansha islands and reef. They also repeatedly use of pressure and incentives to lure their allies and partners to participate in joint military exercises. Hong Lei emphasised that these operation further aggravate the situation in the South China Sea which results in further militarisation.

An Australian Financial Review commentary divulged that the U.S. government has already told Australia that it will encourage Canberra to dispatch vessels and aircrafts to the controversial islands in the South China Sea. The reported stated that although it is not known if the U.S. made a formal request or not, sources in Washington declared that the Obama government already communicated their point privately and will support Australia’s “freedom of navigation” in the South China Sea and air space.

Trees may prefer calm but the wind will not subside

“Navigate or not to navigate, this is a question for Australia’s Prime Minister Turnbull”, stated an article titled ‘Australia is walking on tight rope in the South China Sea’, published on February 19. That article said bold standpoints adopted by Australia will increase the reputation credit of Washington. Beijing does not like that Australia takes an opposite standpoint to Beijing; if they did not take such a stance, together, they could isolate the U.S.. Beijing is continuously taking actions to consolidate its territory and the U.S. wants Australia to take a  bolder stance.  Australian broadcasting company ABC reported on February 19 that Australia’s Defense Minister Stephen Conroy encouraged that Australian navy vessels to enter within the 12 nautical miles of the controversial areas in the South China Sea.

The DW reported that on February 19 the Vietnam Foreign Ministry spokesperson lodged a formal protested at the UN about China’s missile battery deployment on Paracel island.  Even the Philippines which has have territory dispute with China accused it of breaking the “promise of non-militirisation”.

The BBC reported that Japan sent in aircraft P-3 C to Vietnam as well as its maritime SDF dispatched to P-3C to Vietnam for three days. The Two carried out a martime search and Japan sent war ships to assist with the joint-naval tabletop exercise. According to Kyoto news agency, Japan its displaying defence corporation with Vietnam to control China more effectively and create more restraint in the South China Sea while increasing the presence of their own SDF. The BBC reported that China deployed Surface to air missiles in the dispute on sovereignty between China and Phillipines in the South China Sea. The exposure of these missiles may provoke China.

Japanese action goes beyond this.  The Nikkei Asian Review disclosed on February 18 that China is deploying surface-air-missiles and that Japan appealed to the U.S. to add more forces in the South China Sea.

Tokyo called on Washington to navigate more in this area and enforce their patrol. As a part of the “freedom of navigation strategy”, American commander Harris of PACOM informed the Japanese officials that America will undertake these actions. Japan’s self defence agency also will continue to positively and actively to find a place for the refuel of their aircrafts both in Vietnam and Philippines. Japan’s patrol aircrafts fly once every 3 months from Africa to Japan. Vietnam and Philippines both have conflicts with Beijing island. In the fiscal year of 2016 Japan’s SDF will land in Cam Ranh Bay in Vietnam, which is close to the controversial islands. . The report said that Tokyo wants to make Maritime Security one of the main issues at the G-7 Summit in May this year. However, European countries have little interest in South China Sea issues as Japan is  sending out its diplomats to try to garner support towards containing China.

Hong Kong’s Oriental Daily reported on February 19 that while Japan is making making mountains over mole hills in the South China Sea, a Chinese fleet is quietly  circling the Japanese archipelago—a warning to Japan not to go too far in its efforts at bullying. The Chinese fleet began its journey on January 26, passing through the  Tsushima straight to the east and entering the sea of Japan. Later on February 2 it passed through the Tsugaru Strait straight between Japan, following which it passed the Japanese archipelago Japan, and then passed through  Osumi Straight before it returned to the East China Sea. The feet included destroyers, frigates, supply ships and electronic surveillance ships. The route that they crossed was special because it is considered to boldest demonstration of the navigation of Japan in the history by Chinese navy which makes Japan’s military of defence very anxious/nervous.

Why keep company with America?

Cheng yixin said that the final decision of the arbitration tribunal court on the South China controversy will be published in May at the earliest. This decision will be a significant moment for the situation for South China Sea. South China Morning Post said that China may face more challenges following the the decision of arbitration court in the Hague on the demands of Philippines challenging China’s sovereignty,.

In fact, the U.S. is building the frontline to press China. Obama openly appealed to respect the results of arbitration after the American and ASEAN leaders meet this week. The Gulf News quoted Deputy Assistant Minister Hill Wright, from the U.S. DoD, saying that the U.S. and EU and Australia, Japan, Korea, allies, must prepare to be clear and declare that the decision of arbitration court must be observed. If China looses but does not respect the judgement they must pay the price. Hill Wright also appealed to countries such as Philippines and ASEAN to support them. At the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington he claimed that the significant is huge and is binding on all states. Hill Wright alleged that there is a risk of a loss of credibility and that creative ways to increase the cost of China must also be considered. On February 19 the Australian Prime Minister Turnbull and New Zealand PM John Key appealed for all the controversial sides on the South China Sea to practise restraint. Turnbull said that hopes we all settle the claim by international law.

On February 18 Taiwan’s central news agency published a Reuters report which stated that according to the the American Foreign Policy magazine majority of the experts believe that the arbitration result of the court regarding the South China Sea may be partial to the Philippines. At some point, Washington and Beijing will confron each other and the U.S. will have to decide whether to use the force of its navy to enforce the court’s decision.

An International political observer on Russia Today published an article this month named “China and U.S. on South China Sea: which Law of the Sea are we going to use to judge? The article said that the U.S. called on China to observe the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea in 1982 when in fact the U.S. has never approved the convention. This is very typical American world view, which is that everybody except the U.S. should observe international law. Furthermore, The U.S. is not a signatory to the international court in the Hagu. The article goes on to say that it is of no surprise that Russia, China and other countries are denied the right to competency of the court coerciveness. If the U.S. does not accept the judgement and only wants to judge other people why would we waste our time to accompany such states.

Original Text

印度拒绝与美国联合巡航南海

中国外交部发言人昨天斥责美国是南海军事化的真凶,频繁派出军用舰机进入南海海域,一再诱压盟国或伙伴在南海搞针对性极强的“联合军演”和“联合巡航”。就在当天,澳大利亚媒体披露,美国支持澳大利亚在南海多搞“自由航行”。美国频频对中国南海岛礁搞抵近侦察等挑衅早已激怒中国,世界媒体普遍认为中国在永兴岛上部署导弹是对美国的回应。在这种情势下,美国最盼望的就是拉上几个小弟增加声势,但打脸的是,印度外交部官员公开拒绝了美国的南海联合巡航提议。与此同时,美国还试图制造“仲裁战线”,美国国防部高官希尔莱特已向澳大利亚、欧盟、日韩等盟友施压,逼他们表态支持仲裁庭有关南海争议的判决。俄罗斯专家科瑟列夫讽刺说,“奉劝美国人,你们应当先学会尊重国际法,然后再用它来教训别的国家”。

美国被打脸

印度与东盟过去几天在举行主题为“东盟-印度关系:新范式”的论坛,在17日的开幕式上,印度外交部东方事务负责人阿尼尔·瓦德瓦表示,“我们拒绝了(美国),不会有(南海)联合巡航。”《菲律宾星报》18日报道说,印度此番澄清性表态是在美国与东盟刚刚对中国在南海军事化表达担忧之后,也正值美国表示将向印度的老对手巴基斯坦出售F-16战斗机之际。印度外交部13日发表声明称,“奥巴马政府决定将F-16飞机出售给巴基斯坦,我们感到失望。他们的理由是有助于打击恐怖主义,我们并不认同。我们将召见美国大使,传达我们的不满。”印度发表外交声明的当天,美国国务院发言人马克·托纳表示,“目前我们没有任何与印度联合巡航的计划。”印度媒体19日援引该国外长的话称,南海局势发展让印度感到担忧。

印美联合巡航的传闻最初来自路透社本月10日的独家报道。报道称,一名未透露姓名的美国国防部官员称美印举行了会谈,两国或在南海进行海军联合巡航。两国已就巡航事宜进行了讨论,该行动有望在今年展开。巡航将同时在印度洋和南海进行。报道还引述一名印度政府消息人士的话说,两国联合巡航的想法出现于2015年12月印度国防部长到美国夏威夷拜访美军高官之后。日本《外交学者》认为,如果印度有朝一日的确在南海巡航,这将表明其在东亚战略、海军使命以及与美国合作等方面的巨大转变。对印美联合巡航,《印度斯坦时报》报道称,中国外交部从春节假期中“挤出时间”向美印发出警告。

《菲律宾星报》网站上,网民Jose Maria de Manila看上去对此十分失望,留言道,“如果世界不马上做出反应,反对中国这种大胆的侵略,就像肯尼迪在古巴导弹危机中面对苏联入侵那样,届时将为时晚矣”。但另一名网民Howard2009回应说,中国人不敢,也永远不会对美国这么干——部署导弹、战斗机、轰炸机甚至航母到美国家门口,相反,美国长期以来一直对中国人这么干。

“这是印度的聪明之举。”台湾淡江大学美洲研究所学者陈一新19日接受《环球时报》记者采访时说,印度显然明白,与中国大陆发展良好关系的好处胜过与美国南海联合巡航的好处。

19日,中国外交部发言人洪磊在记者会上表示,目前的情况是,美国不断加强在南海军力部署,频繁派出军用舰机进入南海海域,对中方进行高频度抵近军事侦察,并多次派出导弹驱逐舰和战略轰炸机逼近,甚至深入中方南沙群岛有关岛礁邻近海空域,一再诱压盟国或伙伴在南海搞针对性极强的联合军演和联合巡航。他强调,上述行动加剧了南海紧张局势,才是在南海搞军事化。

洪磊批评美国当天,《澳大利亚金融评论报》披露,美国政府已告诉澳大利亚,它鼓励堪培拉向南海争议岛屿派遣船只和飞机。该报称,尽管还不知道美国是否做出了正式要求,但华盛顿的消息人士称奥巴马政府已经私下沟通了其立场,支持澳大利亚在南海海上和空中进行更多所谓的“自由航行”。

“巡航还是不巡航,对于特恩布尔来说这是一个问题。”《澳大利亚金融评论报》19日题为“澳大利亚正在南海问题上走钢丝”的文章写道,对华盛顿来说,澳总理特恩布尔采取任何更大胆的立场都会增加华盛顿立场的信誉,北京则不喜欢澳大利亚采取与北京相逆的立场,这样北京就可以孤立美国,使中国继续采取行动巩固其领土主张。美国的鼓动显然让澳大利亚一些人胆子更大了。澳大利亚广播公司19日报道说,澳大利亚影子防长 斯蒂芬·康罗伊鼓动该国海军船只进入南海争议领土12海里。

“德国之声”称,越南外交部发言人19日声称已就中国在永兴岛部署导弹向中国和联合国提出正式抗议。对永兴岛没有主权主张的菲律宾指责中国“违反此前不军事化南海的承诺”。

“南海局势紧张,日本P-3C在越南演练。”英国广播公司18日报道说,日本海上自卫队在3天内向越南中部岘港派遣了2架P-3C巡逻机,与越南海军联合实施海上搜索桌面演练。据日本共同社报道,日本希望展现与越南的防卫合作,对中国在南海加强有效控制加以制约,同时提高自卫队的存在感。英国广播公司称,越南与中国在南海的西沙和南沙群岛存在主权争议。中国在西沙群岛部署地对空导弹一事刚刚曝光,日方派遣自卫队的举动也可能会刺激中国。

树欲静而风不止

日本的动作不止于此,《日经亚洲评论》19日爆料,中国在南海争议岛屿部署地对空导弹后,日本呼吁美国加强在南海巡逻,东京已经请华盛顿更多在该地区航行,作为确保“自由航行”战略的一部分,美军太平洋司令部司令哈里斯告诉日本官员美国会继续采取这些行动。日本自卫队还将积极在越南和菲律宾寻找飞机续补燃料的地址,日本巡逻机每三个月从非洲飞日本一次。越南和菲律宾都与中国有岛屿冲突,自卫队船只2016财年将第一次停靠接近争议岛屿的越南金兰湾。报道称,东京试图将海洋安全作为今年5月日本七国峰会的一个主要议题,但欧洲国家对南海没有什么兴趣和利益,日本正派外交官员在西方七国中寻求支持、遏制中国。

香港《东方日报》19日报道说,在日本对南海问题指手画脚、无事生非之际,中国一支舰队悄无声息地围绕日本列岛“旅行”一圈,以实际行动警告日本不要欺人太甚。中国舰队从1月26日开始穿越对马海峡向东进入日本海,随后于2月2日通过津轻海峡横穿日本列岛,又在近日穿越大隅海峡返回东海。这支包括驱逐舰、护卫舰、电子侦察舰及补给舰的中国舰队,所经路线如此特别,被认为是中国海军史上对日本最大胆的一次示威航行,使日本防卫省大为紧张。

何必奉陪美国?

陈一新19日说,有关南海争议的仲裁庭判决最早5月将公布,对南海局势来说将是一个重要时刻。香港《南华早报》同日称,在海牙的仲裁庭就菲律宾挑战中国的南海主权声索作出仲裁之后,中国或将面对更多挑战。

事实上,美国已在打造这条战线对华施压。奥巴马在本周举行的美国-东盟领导人非正式会议后公开呼吁尊重仲裁结果。海湾新闻网18日援引美国国防部主管南亚及东南亚事务副助理部长希尔莱特的话称,美国、欧盟以及澳大利亚、日韩等盟友必须准备清晰表态,仲裁庭的判决必须被遵守,如果中国输掉却不遵守将付出代价。希尔莱特还呼吁站在菲律宾以及其他东盟声索方身后,她在华盛顿的战略与国际研究中心称,“这是一种国际法,重要性令人难以置信,对各方都有约束力”。希尔莱特宣称,声誉损失是一方面,我们还可以考虑其他创造性方式增加中国的成本。19日,澳大利亚总理特恩布尔与新西兰总理约翰·基呼吁南海各争议方“保持克制”,特恩布尔称希望通过国际法来解决争端。

台湾“中央社”18日发自华盛顿的专电称,据美国《外交政策》报道,专家多认为仲裁庭有关南海主权争议的仲裁结果可能偏向菲律宾,华府和北京届时将面临抉择,美方需决定是否动用海军舰艇执行裁决结论,以及要介入多深。

“今日俄罗斯”国际新闻通讯社政治观察家科瑟列夫本月初曾发表题为“中美南海之争:究竟按照哪部海洋法来判?”的文章,文章写道,美国呼吁中国遵守1982年的《联合国海洋法公约》。事实上,华盛顿却没有批准该公约。这是非常典型的美式世界观,即除美国之外,所有人都应当遵守国际法。不止如此,设在海牙的国际法院,美国也没有参加,文章说,“当然,俄罗斯、中国等国家也不承认法院的管辖权具有强制性。倘若美国不愿接受审判,只想审判别人,我们又何必奉陪?”

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