Journal : Global Times (Chinese) Date : Author : NA Page No. : 15
URL : http://www.jdqu.com/read-808538-15.html

At the “Make in India” week exhibition held in Mumbai, India’s financial and commercial centre, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi appeared as “India’s first salesman”, vowing to transform the country into “global manufacturing center”.

Modi implemented the ‘Make in India’ policy after he took office, with the hope of attracting investment and add energy to the development of the manufacturing industry. What has been the impact of this policy since it was introduced? How far is India from becoming a “global manufacturing centre”? The “Make in India” week offered a glimpse of some answers to these questions.

The ‘Make in India’ exhibition was held from February 13-18 in Mumbai—India’s financial and commercial center. The objective was to showcase to the world India’s manufacturing capacity and further attract domestic and foreign investment.

In order to fully demonstrate the strength of ‘Make in India’, the Modi government selected “the best on offer” enterprises from the national defense industry, auto parts, software, pharmaceutical and other manufacturing industries to attend exhibition. Visitors were able to get up-close and examine the Aakash missile, drugs and other daily appliances which are made in India.

In addition to showcase the achievements of the manufacturing industry, the aim of ‘Make in India’ week is to attract domestic and foreign investors and add to the India manufacturing industry

The “Make in India” programme was officially launched on September 26, 2014, to appeal to investors—domestic and foreign—to invest in India. To attract people from all walks to invest, set up factory and expand local employment, etc., the Modi government issued a series of new policies, including providing a one-stop service to domestic and foreign enterprises who intend to invest, reform labor laws, taxes, and simplify approval procedures. The new policy involves 25 industries, including automotive, chemical, pharmaceutical, textile, information technology, tourism, aviation, ports, railways, renewable energy, mining, electronics, among others.

Modi, together with several other ministers, attended to ceremony of ‘Make in India Week’, which included 2500 international companies, 8000 local Companies and representative from nearly 70 countries. Modi once again played the role of “India’s first salesman ”.

Modi said the biggest advantage of India manufacturing industry is young people— “65% of India’s population is under the age of 35” he outlined. “ India has emerged the most favoured global destination…since I became Prime Minister, FDI into India increased 48% and foreign capital inflows to India last year were the highest in the history.” He added, ” the India government is actively trying turn India into a global manufacturing center. Manufacturing as a sector should contribute 25% to the GDP”

Well-known Indian entrepreneurs: “it is impossible for a elephant to dance within a few months”

The Times of India, among other local publications, specifically mentioned there were not too many Chinese companies that attended the ‘Make in India’ week. However, this journalist discovered that China was brought up many times in the when discussing ‘Make in India’.

Its clear that whether it is technology or investment, ‘Make in India’ is closely linked to China.

This reporter recalls a local friend who said that many Indian products are actually “OEM” assemblies, not really “made in India”. For example, the best-selling mobile phone in the India market is an Indian brand but the main parts are made in China. According to some local experts, the so-called “India manufacturing” is just “unscrew the screws” in an Indian factory rather than actually be“ Made in India” the way the Modi government talks about it.

Ultimately, what is needed to really ‘Make in India’?  This was the subject of a debate among India experts, including government officials and business executives who joined the ‘Make in India’ week. Kant expressed that a changing manufacturing industry has already become “fashionable”. Consequently, India must transform its methods of manufacturing. It should introduce digital processes to allow intensive labor to become more value; then it can become the world’s factory.

India’s Defense Minister Parrikar stressed that India needs to bridge the labor skills gap, and that the labor force should welcome challenges of manufacturing using new technology. “We need specialists in high-technology field who are trained with regularity and have the capacity to absorb technologies and put them into the defence industry.

Commerce and Industry Minister Sitaraman added that although emphasis is on “Make in India”, India can not fully stop imports. It should encourage domestic manufacturing enterprises to seize the market to connect themselves to the global value chain.

Executives from Tata Group, Jindal steel & power companies and other large Indian enterprises took a different tune to that of the Indian officials. They complained that the backward infrastructure of the country hinders economic growth.

Following the launch of “Make in India”, ”Clean India”, “Digital India”, “Skill India “, “ Innovation India, among other auxiliary plans were launched one after another. It indicates that Modi government recognizes that ‘Make in India’ is a “systems project” involving a macro investment environment, personnel training, corporate training and other aspects.

However, it requires more time to succeed. Kumar Birla, chairman of Birla Group, one of India’s well-known enterprises, said at the meeting of ‘Make in India’ week “actually there is no secret about industry that we are unclear about, but just like making an elephant dance, it is impossible make that happen in a few months.”

 

Original Text

印度离全球制造中心有多远?

在印度金融和商业中心孟买落幕的“印度制造周”展会上,印度总理纳伦德拉·莫迪以“印度头号推销员”的姿态现身,誓言要把这个国家建成“全球制造中心”。

莫迪上台以后力推“印度制造”新政,期望借此吸引投资,为制造业发展输入动力。新政出台一年多来效果如何?印度距离成为全球制造中心还有多远?透过“印度制造周”,或许可以一窥这些问题的答案。

“印度制造周”展会13日至18日在印度金融和商业中心孟买举办,意在向世界展示印度制造业能力,进一步吸引国内外投资。

为充分展示“印度制造”的实力,莫迪政府从国防军工、汽车零部件、软件、制药等印度制造业“最拿得出手的”行业中挑选代表性企业参展。观展者由此得以近距离了解大到“阿卡什”导弹、小到药品和日用品的各种“印度制造”。

除了展示本国制造业成就,“印度制造周”目的更在于向国内外投资者宣介莫迪政府发起的“印度制造”运动。

“印度制造”运动2014年9月26日正式推出,向国内外投资者和企业推销在印度投资兴业的吸引力。莫迪政府为此出台一系列新政策,包括为有意投资的国内外企业提供一站式服务、改革劳动法律和税收、简化审批程序、吸引各界在印度投资设厂和扩大当地就业等。新政主要涉及25个行业,包括汽车、化工、制药、纺织、信息技术、港口、航空、旅游、铁路、再生能源、采矿、电子等。

“印度制造周”开幕式上,莫迪率领多名部长出席。在大约2500家国际公司、8000家本土公司和来自近70个国家的代表面前,这名总理再次扮演起“印度头号推销员”的角色。

莫迪说,印度发展制造业最大优势在于年轻人口,“65%的印度人口都在35岁以下”。此外,“印度是对外国直接投资最为开放的国家……我担任总理以来,印度的外国直接投资增长48%,去年12月流入印度的外资是这个国家有史以来最高”。他说,印度政府“正在积极努力,争取让印度成为全球制造中心。我们希望把制造业占GDP的比例从目前的17%提高到25%”。

印知名企业家:“大象不可能几个月就会跳舞”

《印度时报》等当地媒体在报道中特别提及,参加“印度制造周”的中国企业不多。尽管如此,记者在现场发现,发言者谈论“印度制造”时三番五次提及中国。

这表明,无论是技术还是投资,“印度制造”其实都与中国密不可分。

这让记者想起当地朋友曾说过,不少印度品牌的产品其实属于“贴牌”,并非真正的“印度制造”。例如,印度市场上不少畅销手机虽是印度品牌,主要零部件却由中国生产。用当地一些专家的话说,这类所谓“印度制造”不过就是在印度的工厂里“拧下螺丝”而已,并不是莫迪政府谈论的那种“印度制造”。

印度到底需要怎样的“印度制造”?这其实一直是印度专家争论的话题,在参加“印度制造周”的政府官员和企业高管中也不例外。坎特表示,制造业正在发生改变,已经变得“很时尚”。因此,印度必须改变对待制造业的方式,应通过引入数字化让密集劳动力更有价值,借此成为世界工厂。

印度国防部长帕里卡尔强调,印度需要越过劳动力技能差距这一障碍,让劳动力迎接新技术浪潮对制造业带来的挑战。“我们需要的是训练有素、能够吸收技术并把技术运用到国防工业这样高技术领域的人才”

商业与工业部长希塔拉曼说,尽管强调“印度制造”,但印度不能全面停止进口,而应促使本土制造企业抓住市场,把自身与全球价值链联系到一起。

不同于印度官员的侧重点,塔塔集团、金达尔钢铁电力公司等印度大型企业高管抱怨,这个国家落后的基础设施阻碍经济增长。

莫迪政府发起“印度制造”运动后,又相继启动“清洁印度”、“数字印度”、“技能印度”、“新创印度”等多个辅助性计划。这表明莫迪政府认识到,“印度制造”是一个“系统工程”,牵涉投资环境、人才培养、企业培育等方方面面。

只不过,完成这一切需要时间。正如印度知名企业比尔拉集团主席库马尔·比尔拉在“印度制造周”一次会议上所说:“其实没有什么我们所不清楚的有关制造业的秘诀,但是这就如同让大象跳舞,它根本不可能在几个月之内就能舞动起来。”

 

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