Journal : Global Times (Chinese) Date : Author : NA Page No. : NA
URL : http://www.jdqu.com/read-812581-3.html

According to a Reuters report on February 29, after 12 years of negotiation, India and the U.S. are close to an agreement to share a military logistics system. Singapore’s ‘Lianhe Zaobao’ reported that the agreement, if implemented,will enormously strengthen the Indian navy and act as a counter to China’s increasing capabilities in the Indian Ocean. Hong Lei, Chinese Ministry of Foreign affairs Spokesperson, said on February 29, “we hope the relevant cooperation is beneficial to regional peace and cooperation and should not be aimed at the interests of third parties”.

Reuters quoted an anonymous American Defence official engaged in business with India saying that this logistics agreement will allow both the militaries of both countries to use each other’s army, navy and air force bases for rest, supplies and repairs. This was already confirmed last Wednesday by Harris, the Commanding Officer of U.S. Pacific Ocean military command center, at the speech he made at the Military Affairs Committee of the House of Representatives. He said that India and the U.S. have made great efforts to reach three Agreements: logistical support, secure communications when the militaries operate together, and a third on exchange of topographical, nautical and aeronautical data. “We have not signed this agreement with India yet but we believe we are close to it”. Harris will visit India this week.

In 2008, Wikileaks published a mail from an American diplomat in India which revealed that talks for a logistics safeguard agreement between India and the U.S. had started in 2003. A report from the Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies said that the agreement was formally proposed during President Bush’s 2006 visit, during which both the armies signed agreements for combined military training, exercise and assistance. According to Hindustan Times, during the India visit of Jeffery Kohler, Director of U.S. Defense Security Cooperation Agency,in 2007, he revealed in an interview that India and the U.S. will formally sign a military cooperation agreement in writing. This cooperation agreement was to enable both countries’ military, wherever they are in the world, to borrow each other’s military equipment in order to save expenditure of funds and raise combat efficiency to win bigger wars. Ultimately, however, the two countries did not sign this agreement.

Rediff reported on February 29 that the previous Indian government was worried that this agreement will commit India to providing support to the U.S. in wars. Should the agreement be signed it would weaken India’s strategic independence and make India a military ally of America. Few Indian departments also worry that the agreement section that permits communication sharing will give the U.S. access to the Indian Air Force’s communication network.

The Business Insider website reported that the Modi government has already expressed their willingness to carry forward consultations for the logistics safeguard agreement. An Indian official said that Washington has guaranteed that New Delhi will not be bound by it if the U.S. went to war with a friendly country or undertook any other unilateral action that New Delhi did not support. Another anonymous source familiar with the agreement’s progress said, “It has been clarified that it will be done on a case-to-case basis; it’s not automatic that either side will get access to facilities in the case of war”.

“This is a sign of strengthening military cooperation between U.S. and India”, said Singapore’s Channel News Asia. The U.S. has already replaced Russia as India’s largest weapons procurement source. The frequency of America’s military joint exercises with India surpasses their count with any other country. The U.S. is already in consultation with India to help it build their biggest aircraft carrier. This is, till date, the largest India-U.S. military collaboration and will strengthen the strength of Indian navy.

This progress is making headway at a time when there are rumors about India and the U.S. planning a joint patrol in South China Sea—although both the sides have subsequently denied this. According to a Rediff report, India, along with other countries in the region, have always been vigilant of Chinese navy’s “infiltration” in the Indian Ocean. Therefore, India is strengthening its naval capabilities and expanding defense ties with Japan and America. Indian defense expert, Saroj, said, “Obama’s Asia-Pacific pivot strategy and Modi’s look East strategy are gradually intersecting.”

Qian Feng, China South Asia society Executive Director, told this Global Times reporter in an interview on February 29 that U.S. has always considered China as a potential threat to its national security and has always tried to use military or political means to contain China. Now the U.S. has Japan as a reliable ally in East Asia and if it brings India in its defense system from the western flank, it can target China from both eastern and western flanks and will pose a potential security threat for China.

However, Qian Feng also added that

Original Text

印美共享军事基地抗衡中国

印美共享军事基地抗衡中国据英国路透社2月29日报道,经过长达12年的谈判,印度和美国在共享军事后勤系统方面已接近达成协议。新加坡《联合早报》称,协议如果付诸实现,将大大加强印度的海军力量,抗衡向印度洋扩大势力的中国。“我们希望有关合作有利于地区和平稳定,不应该针对第三方。”中国外交部发言人洪磊2月29日这样表示。

路透社援引美印匿名官员的话称,这份后勤保障协议将允许两国军队互相使用对方的陆军、空军和海军基地,进行补给、修理和休整。上周三,美军太平洋司令部司令哈里斯在众议院军事委员会的发言也曾证实这一消息。他说,美印在努力达成后勤保障协议、安全通讯以及地面、海上和航空数据交换等三项协议。“我们还没有到与印度方面签署这些协议的时候,但是我认为已经接近了。”本周,哈里斯将到访印度。

“维基解密”2008年公布的美国驻印度外交官的邮件显示,美印自2003年就开始讨论后勤保障协议。印度和平与冲突研究所的研究报告说,该协议正式被提出是在小布什总统2006年访问印度时,当时签署的文件涉及两军联合培训、演习和救援。
据《印度斯坦时报》报道,2007年,美国防部国防安全合作局局长杰弗里·科勒访
问印度时透露,美印即将正式签署一份军事合作书面协议,据此,两国军方未来可以在全球任何地点“互借”对方的军事装备,以便节省经费开支,同时提高作战效率,赢得更大战机。不过,最终两国没有签署这份协议
印度“雷迪夫”网站2月29日称,莫迪之前的印度政府担心,这项协议将使印度必须承诺在战争中为美国提供支持。如果签署协议,将削弱印度的战略自主性,使印度成为美国事实上的军事盟友。一些印度部门还担心,协议中涉及的通讯共享部分将允许美军进入印度空军的通讯网络。

美国“商业内幕”网站称,印度莫迪政府已经暗示愿意推进后勤保障协议的磋商。一名印度官员说,华盛顿保证,不会因为美国与印度的友好国家陷入战争,或者因为美国采取任何单边行动,使印度受到该协议的约束而必须有所行动。熟悉协议进展情况的另一名官员说,“并不是只要打起仗来,双方就可以任意使用彼此的设施和基地,需要视情况而定”。
“这是美印两国加强军事联系的迹象,”新加坡亚洲新闻台评论说,美国已经取代俄罗斯成为印度最大的军火采购来源,与印度举行联合军演的次数也超过其他任何国家。美国已在与印度磋商,帮助后者建造该国最大的航空母舰。这是美印迄今最大的军事合作,将加强印度海军的力量。
这项进展正值有传言说美印将在南海共同巡航之际,尽管双方随后都否认了这一说法。印度“雷迪夫”网站称,印度一直对中国海军“渗透”印度洋及介入其后院国家的海军设施保持警惕。因此,印度正加强海军军力,拓展与日越美的防务关系。印度防务专家萨罗杰说,“奥巴马的重返亚太战略与莫迪的向东战略正在逐渐交汇”。

中国南亚学会常务理事钱锋2月29日对《环球时报》记者说,美国一直把中国视作国家安全的潜在对手,试图从军事和政治上对中国进行牵制。现在美国在亚洲东侧已有日本这个可靠的盟友,如果将西边的印度也纳入自己的防务体系中,就可以在中国周边形成东西两翼,对中国构成潜在的安全威胁。
不过,钱锋表示,该协议并不像外界形容的那样“是完全开放”的,更不意味着美印可以很容易地相互使用对方的防务力量。尽管军事合作整体向好,但美印战略分歧依然存在。而且按照美国的一贯做法,只有关系极其紧密的盟友,才有权享用其部分军事设施,目前印美关系尚未达到这个程度。此外,美印防务合作过于紧密定会引发巴基斯坦的强烈反弹。美印关系中有多种不确定性

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