Journal : Global Times (Chinese) Date : Author : NA Page No. : 8
URL : http://www.jdqu.com/read-814025-8.html

美印有望共享哪些印度洋基地

 

据印度媒体报道,印美已经接近达成共享军事基地协议,未来有望共享陆海空基地。那未来美国最希望共享印度的哪些基地,以达到封锁印度洋限制中国军事力量进出的目的呢?

According the reports of several Indian media, India and US are close to an agreement to share their military bases of air, land and see, which is expected to become true in the near future. Therefore, which military bases does US expect India to “share”, so as to contain the moves of China’s military forces in the Indian Ocean region?

中国军事专家李杰2日接受《环球时报》记者采访时表示,安达曼-尼科巴群岛是美军希望部署的重点基地,因为这里对于封锁中国海空装备进出马六甲战略通道非常重要。美印海军认为,除了目前在印度洋海域活动的中国潜艇外,未来中国的航母编队也可能会到印度洋活动,因此美军的陆海空力量都有可能到那里停靠、驻扎。第二个可能是印度洋沿岸的一些重点港口基地,印度南端的几大港口,无论东海岸西海岸,都可能会成为美军驻扎的基地,比如印度西海岸的科钦,那里既有印度最强的造船设施和港口配套设施,又非常靠近中国在印度洋上的交通线。科钦未来有可能成为停靠美国核动力航母和核潜艇的基地。美国在东海岸可能会选择维沙卡帕特南作为舰艇停靠和补给基地,因为美军认为,那里可以与安达曼群岛的兵力形成呼应,并且可以限制中国未来在孟加拉国的吉大港、缅甸的皎漂港的势力发展。

Mr. Li Jie, a Chinese military expert, pointed out in an interview with Global Times on March 2nd that Andaman and Nicobar Islands is one of the few Indian bases where US intends to deploy her military forces, as it is of strategic significance to block the strategic passage of Malacca, which China uses to export navy and air force equipment. The navy forces of US and India believe that apart from the submarines, the fleet of China’s aircraft carrier will also grow as an influential power in the Indian Ocean Region, and US military forces of land, air and sea can also be stationed here. Besides, a number of port bases bordering the Indian Ocean, especially a few large ports in the south of India along both eastern and western coasts can be used by US as their military bases. Take Kochi – a port city along the western coast – for example, the city boasts the strongest shipbuilding facilities and port infrastructure, and is fairly close to China’s traffic line on the Indian Ocean. It’s highly likely that Kochi will be used as a military base for US navy force to berth its nuclear-powered aircrafts and nuclear submarines. On the eastern coast of India, US will probably choose Vishakhapatnam to berth its fleets and refill military supplies. In the opinion of US, Vishakhapatnam can act in cooperation with its military forces near the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and can contain the growing impact of China in Chittagong of Bangladesh, and in Kyaukpyu Port of Myanmar.

李杰认为,美军除了可能会在印度的这些基地部署兵力之外,还将加强自身在印度洋中部的迭戈加西亚军事基地,同时还将加强吉布提基地,强化封锁红海和苏伊士运河的能力。此外,美国还会加强美海军第五舰队在巴林的基地。还有就是封锁从波斯湾到巴基斯坦瓜达尔港的海上航线,阻碍中国通过瓜港运送战略物资。李杰称,如果构想能够成型,那美国在印度洋周边东有安达曼-尼科巴和新加坡樟宜基地锁死马六甲海峡两端,西有吉布提基地扼守通往红海的交通要道,南有迭戈加西亚基地控制南海主要海上交通线,北部可以依托科钦等基地将印度洋牢牢控制在手中。

In Li Jie’s opinion, apart from dispatching her military forces in several of India’s military bases, US will also strengthen her navy base on the land of Diego Garcia, which is in the center of the Indian Ocean, and the Djibouti base, so as to strengthen the capacity of blocking the Red Sea and the Suez Canal. Besides, US will continue to build the military base in Bahrain, which is used for the Fifth Fleet of US Navy. In addition, US will also try to block the sea lane from the Persian Gulf and the Gwadar Port in Pakistan, so as to prevent China from transporting strategic materials from the Port. Li Jie believes that US will successfully block the Indian Ocean region from all directions if the strategic plans are fully executed: in the east are the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Singapore’s Changi naval base, with which the both ends of the Malacca Strait can be blocked; in the west is the Djibouti base, with which the vital path leading to the Red Sea can be blocked; in the south is the Diego Garcia base, with which the major sea lanes of China South Sea can be controlled; and in the north are Kochi and other military bases, with which US can have a firm grasp of the Indian Ocean.

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