Journal : Global Times (Chinese) Date : Author : NA Page No. : 6
URL : . http://www.jdqu.com/read-825167-6.html

An article on Kathmandu Post dated March 22, originally titled: What can India learn from China? Is there any field in which  India can learn from China ?  The author believes that China’s water governance can provide useful experience to India.

The research results from Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy in National University of Singapore show that both India and China, as the largest developing and water scarce countries in the world, face problems of water crisis caused by the rapid urbanization and industrialization as well as the problem of pollution and reduced utilization of water for irrigation.

But the difference between the two countries is in their flood prevention measures. For example,  the main method to solve the water (and energy) crisis in China is to build a number of large scale dams and water diversion canals. Since the 1950s , China has built about 22000 medium-sized dams (at least 15 m), including the world’s largest — Three Gorges Dam and the South-North Water Transfer Project. These hydro-power projects have helped China achieve rapid  industrialization, urbanization and economic growth.

In contrast, in India it is difficult to build  a dam, because there is conflict of interest  between different Indian states and different user groups, and there can be many opposing parties in a democratic system. Furthermore, India’s regional governments do not have the engineering, finance, management and political strength to take  on a large-scale dam construction project.

Many Chinese leaders have been trained in water management and Chinese universities also have world-class water conservancy majors. In addition, because China’s energy and water conservancy related State owned enterprises hold more power to some extent, they have the capacity to make a difference. But the political power of India’s water conservancy institutions is weakened by opposition parties. In China, water conservancy has always ranked high on the political agenda, amongst the most important.. This is not the case in India, except when New Delhi is hit by a drought.

The achievements and determination of water governance in China are compelling.  Over the past 5 years, China has already solved drinking water safety problems for more than 300 million people living in the countryside. Now, China ambitiously plans to reduce per capita water consumption by 23% in the next 5 years. This year alone, China will begin building 20 large-scale water conservancy projects.

 

Original Text

 

中国治水之道值得印度学习

 

 

尼泊尔《加德满都邮报》3月22日文章,原题:印度能向中国学什么?

中国有值得印度学习的地方吗?笔者认为,中国能在水治理领域为印度提供潜在有益的经验。

新加坡国立大学李光耀公共政策学院的研究结果显示,作为世界上两个最大的发展中和缺水国家,中印都在面临快速城市化和工业化引发的水危机、随之而至的污染问题以及水利用率较低等问题。

但两国的区别在于治水之道。例如,中国解决水(和能源)危机的主要举措是修建更多大型水坝和引水渠。上世纪50年代以来,中国已修建约2.2万座大中型大坝(至少15米),包括世界首屈一指的三峡大坝和南水北调工程。这些水电项目有助于中国快速实现工业化、城市化和经济增长。

相比之下,印度各邦和不同用户群之间的利益冲突、民主体制中更多否决方,以及印度地方政府并不拥有大兴土木的工程、金融、管理和政治实力,这些都导致印度难以修建大坝。

许多中国领导人曾接受过水利管理培训,中国高校也拥有世界级的水利专业。此外,由于在某种程度上拥有更多权力,中国的能源和水利国企能够有所作为。但印度水利机构的政治权力受到许多反对方的削弱。在中国,水利事务始终在最重要的政治议程之中。在印度不是这样,除非新德里遭遇旱灾。

中国的水治理成就和决心引人注目。过去5年,中国已为3亿多农村人口解决饮水安全问题。如今,中国正雄心勃勃地计划在未来5年内使人均耗水量降低23%,其中仅今年就将开工新建20个大型水利工程。

 

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