Journal : Global Times (Chinese) Date : Author : NA Page No. : 3
URL : http://www.jdqu.com/read-825855-8.html

Pakistan held a Grand National Day military parade in the capital Islamabad on March 23. At the parade a large number of weapons developed by China or jointly developed by Pakistan and China could be seen in the parade. Pakistan is already the country with most Chinese weapons. Finding the weaponry familiar many netizens sighed, “the Pakistan army is fast becoming a second version of PLA”. These weapons and equipment are evidence of the China-Pakistan friendship.

6 fighter aircrafts to support Pakistan’s sky

Fighter aircrafts with a smoke tails behind them were the curtain raiser. Altogether there were five types of Chinese fixed-wing military aircrafts which participated in the parade, among which were J-7PG and J-7P which were developed by China independently and JF-17 “Thunder” (called Cheng Long in China) fighter aircraft which was jointly developed by China and Pakistan. In fact the J-17’s basic capabilities are similar to the F-16s currently used by Pakistan; they are even better than latter’s earlier models but they are substantially lower in price (than the F-16s). The aircraft’s take-off weight is equivalent to Indian LCA fighter aircraft but its development and manufacturing period is slightly longer. Presently it almost reached at a mature state, while the Indian LCA is yet not ready for combat use. Furthermore, Pakistan’s “eagle” aerobatics trainer aircraft K-8, jointly developed by China and Pakistan, is currently being exported to many countries.

This time two Pakistani Air Force Airborne Warning And Control Systems (AWACS) was also a part of the parade. Among them were the Early Warning Aircraft Systems ZDK-30—developed by China and Sweden’s Erieye, both of which were arranged in pairs. According to experts, China’s AWACS come under the high configuration model and it can use mechanical sweep scan mode. It is also capable of 360 degree scanning and is able of obtaining three coordinates—distance, speed and altitude accurately at the same time. “Erieye”, on the other hand, has an about 60-degree scanning dead angle both in head and tail and it cannot obtain information about the target’s altitude. It also has few commanding seats due to the comparatively small platform. In terms of probing distance, China’s AWACS can explore longer distances than Erieye.

Chinese made ZW-10 attack helicopters also appeared for the first time in Pakistan’s parade. In the past, Pakistan’s main gear was American “AH-1 Huey Cobra” attack helicopters but now they will most probably be replaced by ZW-10 helicopters. The participation of ZW-10 in Pakistan’s military parade may be a signal that China is ready to sell its most advanced weapon platform to its most reliable ally. In the past, China’s weapons export principle was that the most advanced equipment should be kept limited to country’s own troops; basically it would not be exported. This line of thinking led to China sending out Z-19E model as an export model because it was a comparatively low-end version of WZ-10. However, ZW-10’s appearance in Pakistan’s parade shows that China has started to sell its most advanced weapons platform to friends. This reasoning could also mean that China may offer an upgraded version of J-10 to Pakistan too.

Ground equipment becomes Pakistan army’s main strength

Among ground equipment, China made or Pakistan-China jointly made equipment has become army’s main strength. Tanks, which are the strongest for ground fights, are undoubtedly the core of ground artillery. The MBT-2000 (called Khalid Main Battle Tank in Pakistan) produced by China North Industries Corporation is the highest-level main battle tank in the Pakistani army today. Its performance is even better than the T-80UD MBT imported by Pakistan from Ukraine and the Russia-made T-90 MBT used by the Indian army. China’s anti-tank guided missile also holds an important position in the Pakistan army. China’s “Red Arrow-8” anti-tank guided missile has already been localized in Pakistan and is now called “Green Arrow”. It too  was seen at the military parade.

China’s FM-90 short range air defense missile also appeared in the parade. Even though FM-90 is manufactured in China, but it is said that it shares quite a history with Pakistan. According to foreign media reports, in the 1980s China obtained a set of French “rattlesnake” short range surface to air missile system from Pakistan and later developed a “HQ-7” anti-aircraft defense system. This “HQ-7” became the foundation for the development of the export oriented FM-90 model. After undergoing several years of development, today’s FM-90 has completely transformed. With maximum range of 12 kilometers, not only can it tackle fighter aircrafts but it can also intercept cruise missiles. In fact, Pakistan also imports a large number of shoulder-fired anti-aircraft defense missiles developed by China but they were not fully revealed in the parade. It can be said, Chinese anti-aircraft defense systems have made Pakistan’s air space more secure. In addition to these, an Unmanned Ariel Vehicle (UAV) which is very similar to “CH-3” drone manufactured by China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation, also participated in the parade. It can be said that the ground equipment revealed in the parade is only a very small portion of the Chinese ground weapons present in the Pakistani side. A large amount of drones, rocket artillery and other equipment built by Chinese technology are also used by Pakistan’s military.

Display of China-Pakistan friendship

These Chinese weapons and equipment on display at this military parade were examples of China-Pakistan cooperation, it can also be said that these equipments are an evidence of China-Pakistan friendship. The most successful aircraft among these is the K-8 trainer aircraft, which is China’s most exported aircraft. It is not only exported to many countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America, its production line is even exported to Egypt. Its upgraded model is also used by Chinese troops.

Some of the equipment is made by Chinese enterprises according to Pakistan’s requirements and from Pakistan’s funding. It can be said that it is specially customized for Pakistan. The ZDK-03 AWACs, for example, are basically only used by Pakistani Air Force at the moment. “Cheng Long” was also first developed specifically for Pakistan. The characteristic feature of weapons like “Cheng Long” and ZDK-03 AWACs is that they are good quality and fairly priced, most suited to countries like Pakistan. Pakistan’s army has relationships with the western militaries and manufacturers and its requirements include advanced concepts and capabilities. Therefore, China-Pakistan cooperation in manufacturing weapons can help Chinese manufacturers to expand their horizon. By being a picky customer, Pakistan can help China in improving the quality and reliability of weapons produced by Chinese manufacturers. Besides, Pakistan also has some influence among Arab countries which can help in expanding the scope of Chinese weapons export.

 

Original Text

巴铁国庆阅兵中的中国武器

23日,巴基斯坦在首都伊斯兰堡举行盛大国庆阅兵式。大量中方研发或中巴联合研发的主战装备在阅兵式中出现。巴基斯坦已经成为装备中国武器最多的国家。看着熟悉的武器装备,很多网友感叹“巴基斯坦军队快成第二支解放军了”。这些武器装备是中巴友谊的见证。

六型战机撑起巴基斯坦天空

阅兵式以战机拉烟通场拉开序幕。总共有5种中式固定翼军机参加此次阅兵,其中包括三款战斗机,分别是中国产歼-7PG、歼-7P、中巴合作的JF-17“雷电”(中方称“枭龙”)战斗机。其中JF-17基本性能与巴目前装备的F-16相当,甚至还要优于其早期型号,不过价格却大幅低于F-16。该机的起飞重量与印度LCA战斗机相当,研制时间还更晚一些,目前已经相当成熟,而LCA目前仍未成军。此外,巴基斯坦“雄鹰”飞行表演队的K-8教练机系中巴联合研制,目前出口到多个国家。

此次巴基斯坦空军有两款预警机参阅,其中包括中国研制的ZDK-03和瑞典“爱立眼”预警机,两者形成了高低搭配的格局。据专家介绍,在这个高低搭配格局中,中国预警机属于高的一型。该预警机采用了机械加相扫的扫描方式,可360度无死角扫描,而且可以同时精确获得目标的三个坐标,即距离、速度和高度。反观“爱立眼”,在机头和机尾方向各有大约60度的扫描死角,无法获得目标高度信息,且平台较小,容纳的指挥坐席较少。在探测距离上,中国预警机探测距离也更远。

中国产直-10武装直升机首次出现在巴基斯坦阅兵式中。以往,巴基斯坦主要装备美国的AH-1“休伊眼镜蛇”武装直升机,目前直-10大有代替“眼镜蛇”之势。直-10参加巴基斯坦阅兵可能释放了一个信号,即中国可能愿意把最先进的武器平台卖给可靠的盟友。以往,中国武器装备出口的原则是技术最先进的装备优先装备本国军队,基本不外卖。中国推出出口型的直-19E也是这个思路,因为直-19相对于直-10是一个较低端的版本。但是这次直-10飞到巴基斯坦说明中国开始把最先进的平台出售给朋友。按照这个思路,中国可能会把较为先进的歼-10改进型提供给巴基斯坦。

地面装备担当巴军主力

地面装备中,中国产装备或者中巴合作研制的武器也成为绝对主力。坦克作为陆战之王,无疑是地面装备中的核心。中国北方工业公司的MBT-2000(巴方称为“哈立德”主战坦克)已经成为巴基斯坦陆军目前最高端的主战坦克,其性能高于巴基斯坦进口乌克兰的T-80UD主战坦克和印度陆军装备的俄制T-90主战坦克。中国反坦克导弹在巴陆军中也占据重要地位,中国的“红箭-8”反坦克导弹已经在巴实现了国产化,并被称为“绿箭”,此次也出现在阅兵式中。

另外,阅兵式中还出现了中国造FM-90(飞蠓-90)近程防空导弹。尽管FM-90系中国研制,但说来与巴基斯坦也颇有渊源。据外媒报道,中国于上世纪八十年代从巴基斯坦获得一套法国“响尾蛇”近程地空导弹系统,后来进行仿制研制出“红旗-7”型防空系统,而FM-90则是在“红旗-7”的基础上改进的出口型。经过多次改进后,如今的FM-90早已今非昔比,最大射程达到12公里,不仅可对付战斗机,还能拦截巡航导弹。其实,巴基斯坦还进口了大量中国研制的肩扛式防空导弹,这次阅兵并未充分展示。可以说,中国防空武器为巴基斯坦撑起了一片安全的天空。另外,还有一款与中国航天科技集团的“彩虹-3”无人机非常相似的无人机参阅,应该说,此次展示的地面装备只是巴方装备的中国地面武器的一小部分,采用中国技术的无人机、火箭炮等也大量装备巴陆军。

中巴友谊的见证

此次巴基斯坦阅兵式中出现的中国武器装备很多都是中巴合作的典范,可以说这些中国武器装备是中巴友谊的见证。其中最成功的一款飞机当属K-8教练机,这款飞机可谓中国出口量最多的飞机,不仅整机出口到亚非拉多国,甚至向埃及出口了生产线,其改进型还装备了中国军队。

一些装备是由巴基斯坦提需求、提供资金,由中方企业研制,可以说专门为巴方量身定做的。比如ZDK-03预警机,目前基本只装备巴空军。“枭龙”最初同样也是专门为巴基斯坦研制的。“枭龙”、ZDK-03预警机等武器的特点在于质优价廉,非常适合巴基斯坦这样的国家。巴基斯坦与西方国家军队和厂商接触较多,能够将一些先进理念体现在其需求上,所以中巴联合研制武器,对中国厂商拓展视野也有益处。而且巴方作为客户非常挑剔,这将有助于提高中国武器装备的质量和可靠性。另外,巴基斯坦对一些阿拉伯国家有一定的影响力,有利于中方武器扩大出口范围。

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