Journal : Jiefang Daily Date : Author : NA Page No. : 3
URL : http://newspaper.jfdaily.com/jfrb/html/2016-03/27/content_182498.htm

A Xinhua special feature

Nepalese Prime Minister Oli’s visit to China this week received widespread attention in the Indian media, with many expressing“concern” at the outcome of the series of cooperation agreements signed and stating that India “has lost Nepal”.

Nepal’s geographical location renders it relatively isolated with just two neighbours—India and China. Nepal’s economic dependence on India exceeds 65%. Moreover, 98% of Nepal’s trade with any third country passes through India. However, strengthening cooperation with China has become the “national consensus” following last year’s unofficial export embargo by India and consequent fuel crisis.

Oli set out on his first official visit to China on 20 March. Prior to his departure, Indian Foreign Secretary, Jaishankar, and Indian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sushma Swaraj, visited Nepal in succession and separately met Oli. In the opinion of many Nepalese, the main purpose of these two high level Indian diplomatic visits was to put pressure on Oli to once again make India its “centripetal force”.

During Oli’s visit, both the sides signed a number of agreements, including an agreement permitting Nepal the use of Chinese ports for foreign trade and another for construction of a railway link between the countries. On the ground breaking transit trade agreement (between Nepal and China), MEA Spokesperson Swarup responded by emphasizing “the special relationship between Nepal and India”, citing that the land link between Nepal and India is both inseparably close and unhindered. Indian Ambassador (to Nepal) Rae stated that, while traditionally, India has been Nepal’s largest source of foreign direct investment, failure to attract more investment from India was due to “Nepal’s own reasons”. Some commentators believe that the message conveyed by Indian officials is quite clear—Nepal can rely on India and there is basically no need for it to turn to China to build relations.

The truth is that Nepal’s relations with India and China are not at all “either/or”, as envisaged by the Indian media. A day prior to his departure, Oli, stated in an exclusive interview that there is no interest in Nepal to play one neighbour against the other. Instead, he wanted Nepal to become a “bridge” for  cooperation between India and China and push for trilateral cooperation.

尼总理访华引印度不安?

 

新华社特稿 尼泊尔总理奥利本周对中国的访问引发印度媒体广泛关注。不少印度媒体就奥利此行与中国达成的一系列合作成果表示“忧虑”,称印度“正在失去尼泊尔”。
尼泊尔地理位置相对隔绝,仅有中国和印度两个邻国。尼泊尔对印度的经济依赖度达到65%以上,与第三国贸易进出口货物的约98%要经过印度。尼泊尔去年因印度非正式禁运而遭遇燃油危机后,加强与中国合作成为“全国共识”。
奥利20日首次以尼泊尔总理身份对中国开展正式访问。他启程前,印度外交秘书苏杰生、外交部长斯瓦拉杰先后抵达尼泊尔,分别与奥利会见。在不少尼泊尔人看来,两名印度外交高官此行主要目的是向奥利施压,扳回其对印度的“离心力”。
奥利访华期间,双方签署了多项协议,内容包括准许尼经由中国港口开展对外贸易、在两国间修建铁路等。就中尼具有突破性意义的过境贸易协定,印度外交部发言人斯瓦鲁普以强调“印度和尼泊尔关系特殊”作为回应,还试图举例证明印度与尼泊尔间陆上连接紧密且将更加畅通。印度驻尼泊尔大使拉伊则表示,传统上印度是尼泊尔最大的外来直接投资国,但由于“尼泊尔自身的原因”,未能吸引住来自印度的投资。有评论认为,印度官员传达的信息比较明显,即尼泊尔靠着印度这棵“大树”,根本用不着费心跑到中国去搞关系。
其实,尼泊尔与中印两国的关系,并非如印度媒体设想的那样“非此即彼”。奥利启程前一天接受专访时就指出:尼泊尔对利用一个邻居抗衡另一个邻居不感兴趣,而更乐意成为中印合作的“桥梁”,推动三方合作。

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