Journal : Global Times (Chinese) Date : Author : NA Page No. : 3
URL : http://www.jdqu.com/read-833113-3.html

China recently put a hold on India’s plea to sanction the militant group “Jaish-e-Mohammed” chief Masood Azhar at UN Security Council. This triggered a violent reaction in India. Following the National Federation of Indian traders’ threat to boycott “Made in China”, Indian media on April 5 reported that country’s security department is re-considering the “friendly policy” towards Chinese investment, including the re-evaluation of the security clearance issued for Chinese investment projects. The Indian side even stated that they want to discuss whether or not to include China in the “national concern” list. Regarding this, on April 5 in an interview to “Global Times” reporter, the Indian Embassy in China said that they weren’t aware of this information and since this news didn’t come from government sources, it couldn’t be confirmed.

According to Economic Times April 5 report, an Indian security department official said that due to China’s “refusal to cooperate on the core issues of India’s national security,” they are considering to reassess the “friendly policy” towards Chinese direct investment in India. “Times of India” said that the Indian government has given around 25 Chinese companies security clearance in the past two years for projects mostly in power, telecommunications, railways and other spheres. Indian security officials said, “This should not be one-way only. If China hinders our security concerns at the international arena then perhaps we should, in accordance with our national safety regulations re-evaluate the security permit provided to Chinese investors and at least re-consider those investment projects which are waiting in line for security clearance.” Currently four Chinese investment projects are waiting to acquire the permit. India’s Daily News and Analysis website on April 5 said that the officials of the security department, internal affairs and power, telecommunications and other departments recently held a meeting to make a decision.

India TNN television on Wednesday reported that the Modi government has taken a number of key initiatives in promoting relations with China over the past two years, including the removal of China from the “national concern” list. Previously many Chinese investment projects had been rejected because of national security concern. In addition Modi government also sped up the pace of security clearance for Chinese direct investment projects. Earlier it usually took 3-6 months. Economic Times said that after Modi government came to power, the view towards Chinese investment changed from “security concern” to “red carpet welcome”. According to The Times of India, now the Indian side is again considering to put China in the “national concern” list.

“Times of India” quoted Indian security officials as saying that “We should re-examine the policy of encouraging Chinese investment and again look at the Chinese companies in all the spheres, including Huawei, which have received security clearance in the last few months.” According to latest data from Industrial Policy and Promotion Bureau under the Indian Commerce Ministry, India obtained $330 million Chinese investment between January and September 2015.

On April 5, a Chinese Embassy official in India who understands India-China trade told this “Global Times” reporter that the Embassy did not completely understand the meaning of Indian media reports. Security review of Chinese companies by India does exist and in the past two years, due to the push from both the governments, Indian side had taken a relaxed view of the security concern. According to feedback given by Chinese companies to the Embassy, the environment has indeed improved. However, the official said that India’s business environment still needs to improve further. Labor and work visa issuance and renewal are very complicated areas, which are reflected in the practical difficulties faced by enterprises. But they are also improving slowly.

On April 5 Hu Zhiyong, a researcher from Institute of International Relations in Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, told this “Global Times” reporter that in general India’s requirements for foreign enterprises is comparatively more stringent such as foreign companies must recruit 20-30 percent of their staff locally. The investigation process for Chinese companies is also more stringent as compared to other countries. President of the Chinese Association for South Asia, Sun Shihai believes that although, there are a number of sensitive areas in India which are restricted or even guarded against China; and may even be restricted towards some individual companies, overall India is welcoming of Chinese investment. It is unlikely that they will tighten the policy because their development need Chinese capital and technology. In these past two years the scale of economic cooperation between China and India has been growing and the speed of development has been increasing. State level local governments in India are also actively attracting Chinese investment. Hu Zhiyong said that if India changes its investment policy, Chinese companies may think twice about their expansion plans in India as the cost of investment in India may increase resulting in less investment from China. Presently, India needs Chinese investment for developing its infrastructure and other areas.

Sun Shihai said that the Indian media knows that China is more concerned about economic issues and therefore they use this subject of re-examining Chinese investment policy to create hype. Hu Zhiyong believes that it cannot be ruled out that Indian opposition parties may use this kind of news to put pressure on Indian government.

In the “Times of India” website, regarding the re-examination of China’s investment policy news, there were close to 400 comments and most people expressed their support for “reconsideration”. But Singh, a netizen, reminded people that the decision of not welcoming Chinese investment in a major decision that must not be made hastily and it should not be swayed by personal feelings because it will have a profound impact on the Indian economy. Further that in the Indian market there are many products which are made in China, many companies are using raw materials which come from China and tightening Chinese investment may make millions of Indians bankrupt or unemployed.

“Economic Times” said Indian Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj will participate in the India-China-Russia trilateral meeting being held in Moscow later this week, during which she will be raising the issue of China blocking India’s bid for inclusion of the Punjab Air Force base attack suspect Masood Azhar in the UN sanctions blacklist with her Chinese counterpart. Earlier Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hong Lei responded on this issue by saying that China always dealt with the listing issue on facts and based on the 1267 Committee listing rules in accordance with UN Security Council Resolutions and the relevant Rules of Procedure. China has always maintained communication with all the concerned parties related to the issue.

 

印度要重审中企投资政策

 

中国近日搁置印度将武装组织“穆罕默德军”头目马苏德·阿兹哈尔列入联合国安理会制裁名单的申请,此事在印度持续引发激烈反应。继印度全国贸易商联合会威胁要抵制“中国制造”后,印度媒体5日称,该国安全部门正在考虑重新审查针对中国投资的“友好政策”,包括重新评估已经发放给中国投资项目的安全许可。印度方面甚至声称要讨论是否要将中国重新列入“令人担忧国家”名单。对此,印度驻华使馆方面5日接受《环球时报》记者采访时表示,尚未获悉相关信息,此事并非来自政府消息,所以他们无法确认。

据印度《经济时报》5日报道,一名印度安全部门高官表示,由于中国“拒绝在事关印度国家安全的核心问题上合作”,他们考虑重新评估与中国在印直接投资相关的“友好政策”。《印度时报》称,过去两年,有25个中国投资项目在该政策框架下获得安全许可证,这些项目大多涉及电力、电信、铁路等领域。印度安全官员表示,“此事不应该是单向的。如果中方阻碍我们在国际舞台上表达安全担忧,或许我们应该根据国家安全规定,重新评估已经发放给中资的安全许可,至少应该重新考虑正在等待获得安全许可的投资项目”。目前,有4项中国投资项目正在等待获得该许可。印度每日新闻与分析网站5日称,安全部门、内政以及电力、电信等相关部门官员最近将开会做出决定。

印度TNN电视台4日报道称,莫迪政府过去两年在促进对华关系方面采取了一些关键举措,包括将中国从“令人担忧国家”名单上移除。此前,由于担心国家安全问题,很多中国的投资项目被拒绝。此外,莫迪政府加快了给中国直接投资项目发放安全许可的速度,之前通常需要3至6个月。《经济时报》称,中国投资在莫迪政府上台后从“担忧”变成了“用红地毯迎接”。《印度时报》称,现在,印度方面甚至要考虑恢复中国“令人担忧国家”身份。

《印度时报》援引印安全官员的话称,“我们应该重新审视鼓励中国投资的政策了。包括华为在内的中国所有领域的企业在过去几个月里都获得了安全许可证”。根据印度商工部下属的工业政策和促进局最新数据显示,印度2015年1月至9月获得的中国投资是3.3亿美元。

中国驻印度大使馆一名了解中印贸易的官员5日对《环球时报》记者表示,使馆方面未掌握印度媒体报道的消息。印度对中企的安全审查确实存在,近两年在两国政府的推动下,印方的审查呈现放松趋势,中国企业也向使馆反馈,环境有改善。不过这名官员表示,印度的经商环境也有需要改进的地方,比如劳工问题以及工作签证的发放和续签比较繁琐,这是企业反映的实际困难,不过这些都在改善中。

上海社会科学院国际关系研究所研究员胡志勇5日接受《环球时报》记者采访时表示,总体来说,印度对外企的要求比较严格,比如外企必须招募20%至30%的当地员工。对中企的审查比其他国家还要严些。中国南亚学会会长孙士海认为,虽然印度在一些敏感领域对中国有所限制并加以防范,甚至可能会针对个别企业找些麻烦,但印度对中国投资总体持欢迎态度,不太会收紧相关政策,因为它的发展需要借助中国资金和技术。这两年中印之间的经济合作规模越来越大,发展速度越来越快,印度各个地方政府也积极拉中国投资。胡志勇表示,收紧中国投资对印度来说得不偿失,许多在印中企的投资成本会增加,这会导致它们不愿在印度追加投资。现在印度在基础设施建设等方面需要中国投资。

孙士海表示,印度媒体知道中国比较关心经济议题,所以试图用收紧投资政策这个话题来炒作。胡志勇认为,不排除印度反对党借媒体鼓吹反华论调,给印政府施压。

在《印度时报》网站,关于重审中企投资政策的跟帖接近400条,大多数人表示支持“重审”。不过署名为辛格的网民提醒说:涉及中国投资这么重大的决定不能匆忙做出,也不能意气用事,因为这会对印度经济产生深远影响。他说,印度市场上许多产品都是中国制造,很多公司生产原料来自中国,收紧中国投资可能让上百万印度人面临破产或失业。

《经济时报》称,印度外交部长斯瓦拉杰将在本周晚些时候参加在莫斯科举行的中俄印三方会议,其间她将向中方提及有关中方在联合国搁置印度申请将印度旁遮普邦空军基地遇袭事件嫌疑人马苏德列入制裁名单一事。中国外交部发言人洪磊此前回应“搁置”一事时表示,中方一贯以事实为依据,根据联合国安理会决议及相关议事规则公正处理1267委员会列名事宜。中方就相关列名问题一直同有关各方保持着沟通。

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