Journal : Global Times (Chinese) Date : Author : NA Page No. : 8
URL : http://www.jdqu.com/read-836062-8.html

(Global military news) On April 9, Chinese Air Force Spokesperson Colonel Shen Jinke announced that China and Pakistan Air Force will conduct a joint training  exercise “Shaheen (Eagle)-V” in Pakistan from April 9 to April 30. According to reports, Air Force pilots will fly out of the country for joint training to learn from the experience of foreign militaries, examine the innovations achieved in military strategy and enhance the level of armed forces’ combat training. Few people question that since many of the main combat equipments used by Pakistan’s Air Force are manufactured in China and the quality of the equipments falls far below the level of Chinese Air Force, is there something that Chinese pilots can learn from a joint military exercise with Pakistan? Experts believe that Pakistan’s Air Force, which has been trained by the Air Force of Western countries and has actual combat experience, has its own advantages and characteristics. “Learning from others’ experience” is not entirely a polite expression.

According to experts, Pakistan Air Force has been trained by the United States Air Force and they were also successful during the several India-Pakistan wars. Pakistan Air Force’s tactical ability, among the air forces of other countries in South Asia, is comparatively stronger. According to reports whether it is tactical thought process or other specific details, Eastern and Western air forces have very different styles of functioning. It can be said that each have their own characteristic. For example, Air Forces trained by Western countries, like Pakistan Air Force often use the mode of single aircraft successive take-offs, while the group represented by the Russian Air Force adopts the mode of taking off in pairs. Western Air Force considers that in real combat situations, taking off in pairs is too risky as it can easily lead to collisions. Therefore except for flying school’s training courses, during the routine training they adopt the mode of single aircraft successive take-offs in order to minimize the risk. From the current publicly available pictures and images of the Chinese Air Force training, the Chinese Air force has also gradually adopted the mode of single aircraft successive take-offs. In training, Pakistan Air Force from very early on has been using Western training methods like free aerial combat. Therefore, from concept to details, the Pakistani Air force can provide reference for the Chinese Air Force which has limited contact with its Western counterparts.

Secondly, for air force pilots, more aerial combats with different types of aircrafts from foreign militaries can expand their horizons and change their concepts. Pakistan’s military equipment is generally inferior compared with that of the Chinese Air Force and their most advanced air planes like the F-16s, are unlikely to participate in the training due to restrictions by the United States. However, some western military equipment like air-to-air missiles still has unique characteristics. These equipment can change some of the biased concepts and views of the Chinese pilots formed out of the long term contact with the Russia-made and China-made equipment. Furthermore, because the equipment is not that advanced, Pakistani Air Force has accumulated experiences in using the older version aircrafts like the second generation aircrafts.
Additionally, Pakistan’s Air Force has participated in combat many times and being continuously under the threat of war, they have maintained a high level of combat readiness for a long time. And the idea of “everything for real combat” has been implemented rather well. Many methods used by Pakistan’s air force are adopted for combat considerations. For example, they rarely park dozens of aircrafts on the tarmac together as it will easily lead to devastating results in an attack. Though some methods appear very common, they are good enough to bring enlightenment and transformation to the Chinese Air Force.

 

Experts believe that in the past few years, Chinese Air Force has had many opportunities to go abroad for training, from diplomatic point of view; China’s circle of friends is becoming wider. Even more important is the knowledge obtained from training which has indeed brought a change in the training philosophy and the actual combat readiness of Chinese Air Force. In fact, joint training is a common practice of different air forces in the world. Indian Air Force often organizes drills with air forces of Russia, US and the UK. US air force even acknowledges that, joint drills with less powerful allies can also bring benefits. For example, US air force has many times fought with Indian Air Force in their “red flag” military exercises which actually helped US air force to understand Russian made SU-30 MKI’s performance. Especially, the U.S now has a clearer understanding of its three dimensional thrust vectoring system.

中巴空军训练,中国飞行员学什么

[环球军事报道] 中国空军新闻发言人申进科上校4月9日发布消息说,中巴空军于4月9日至4月30日在巴基斯坦境内举行代号“雄鹰-Ⅴ”的联合训练。报道称,空军航空兵飞出国门联训,学习借鉴外军经验,检验战法创新成果,提升部队实战化训练水平。有人或许会问,巴基斯坦的空军很多主力装备为中国造,装备技术水平远不及中国空军,和巴基斯坦联合军演,中国空军能学什么?专家认为,巴基斯坦空军接受西方空军训练,且长期实战,有自身优势和特点,“学习借鉴外军经验”不完全是客套话。

据专家介绍,巴基斯坦空军曾接受美国空军的训练,在印巴几次战争中都取得了不俗战绩,其战术素养在南亚空军中是比较强的。据介绍,东西方空军无论从战术思想还是具体的细节上都风格迥异,应该说各有特色。例如,巴基斯坦等经受过西方培训的空军战机起飞多采用连续单机起飞方式,而以俄罗斯空军为代表的军队多采用双机起飞方式。西方空军认为,在实战状态下双机起飞风险过高,易发生两机相撞等危险。所以除了在航校有这项训练科目以外,日常训练时基本采用单机连续起飞,最大限度降低风险。从目前公开的中国空军飞行训练画面和图片来看,中国空军也在逐步采取单机连续起飞的放飞方式。在训练方式上,巴基斯坦空军很早就采用自由空战等西方训练方式。因此,从理念到细节,巴基斯坦空军对较少接触西方空军的中国空军来说都有借鉴价值。

其次,对于空军飞行员来说,多与外军飞行员进行异型机空战,将扩大视野,转变观念。巴基斯坦空军装备总体上不如中国空军,而且一些最先进的飞机,例如F-16受到美国限制很可能不参加联训,但西方的一些武器装备,例如空空导弹还是很有特点的。这些装备能够改变中国空军飞行员长期接触国产装备和俄式装备而造成的某些实际上并不具有普适性的观念和看法。另外,正是由于装备不够先进,巴基斯坦对二代机等老式飞机的运用上颇有心得。

另外,巴基斯坦空军多次参加实战,一直处于战争威胁之下,长期保持高等级战备。“一切为了实战”落实很到位。巴基斯坦空军的很多做法均出于实战考虑。例如,战机很少数十架整齐排列在停机坪上,因为这很容易遭到毁灭性打击。有些做法虽然看上去很普通,但是也足以给中国空军带来启示和改变。

专家认为,中国空军最近几年走出去练兵的机会越来越多,从外交上来说朋友圈越来越广,更重要的是在训练上得到不少启示,确实起到了转变训练理念、提高实战水平的作用。实际上,“开门练兵”是世界空军的普遍做法。印度空军就频频和俄罗斯、美国、英国空军组织演练。即便是美国空军也承认,哪怕与实力稍逊的盟国空军训练也是受益匪浅。例如,美国空军就多次与印度空军在“红旗”军演中交手,这帮助其了解了苏-30MKI 等俄罗斯战机的性能,特别是对其三维推力矢量系统有了更清晰的认识。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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