Journal : Global Times (Chinese) Date : Author : Chen Xiang Page No. : 3
URL : http://www.jdqu.com/read-839940-3.html

.Is the India-Iran Chabahar port construction aimed at the Gwadar port?

 

[Global Times Roundup] During Indian Foreign Minister Swaraj’s first visit to Iran, the two countries reached agreements to speed up construction of the Chabahar Port into the fast lane. India plans to invest $20 billion in this project and draw on Iran’s Chabahar special economic zones for adequate land for the project.

The report says that Chabahar Port is located in the southeastern region of Iran bordering  the Gulf of Oman. Iran hopes to build the port to the extent that it can be the transport hub for the northern part of the Indian Ocean and Central Asia. India’s relationship with Iran has always been very good. Despite the sanctions placed on Iran by the United States, India’s oil imports from Iran were never suspended and India remained Iran’s second largest oil customer. In 2003, the two countries reached an agreement to develop this port but due to sanctions progress has been slow. Now that Iran is sanction free, the two sides wish to accelerate the construction of the port. So far, India has already built a 220-km-long highway connecting the port with Afghanistan.

“Chabahar Port is India’s response to the close bond between Pakistan and China,” said an NDTV report. The distance between Pakistan’s Gwadar port from Iran’s Chabahar is only 72 km. India wants to use this port to be able to bypass Pakistan and open up a new route into Afghanistan and further strengthen economic and security cooperation with Afghanistan. Given the pace at which the $46 billion CPEC including energy and infrastructure agreements is moving along, Modi hopes to accelerate the construction of Chabahar Port as well as India’s cooperation with Iran and other Gulf countries. In February this year, the Indian government set up a company responsible for the port projects in Iran and provided $150 million credit. Chabahar Port is India’s first foreign port project in which they are directly involved both the development and construction. The annual throughput will reach up to 2.5 million tons.

However, Pakistan’s Forum Express reported that when the Secretary-General of the Iranian Supreme National Security Council Ali Keyhani visited Pakistan in October of last year, he stated that the Chabahar and Gwadar Port will be more cooperative rather than competitive and that Iran will not use Chabahar Port to stymie the Gwadar Port. (Chen Xiang)

印伊恰巴哈尔港建设提速,应对瓜达尔港.

《印度时报》18日报道称,在印度外长斯瓦拉杰对伊朗的首次访问中,两国达成共同推动恰巴哈尔港建设进入快车道的协议。印度计划为此投资200亿美元,提请伊朗恰巴哈尔特别经济区划拨足够的土地作为支持。

该报道说,恰巴哈尔港位于伊朗东南部,濒临阿曼湾,伊朗方面希望将该港建为覆盖印度洋北部和中亚地区的交通枢纽。印度与伊朗的关系一向不错。尽管此前伊朗长期遭到美国制裁,但印度从伊朗进口石油一直没有中断,且是伊朗第二大原油客户。2003年,两国达成合作开发该港的意向,但由于伊朗受制裁而进展缓慢。随着眼下伊朗所受制裁取消,双方加速推进港口建设的意愿都很强。目前,印度已建了一条220公里长的公路,连接该港口与阿富汗。

“恰巴哈尔港是印度对中巴紧密联系的回应”,印度NDTV18日称,恰巴哈尔港距离巴基斯坦的瓜达尔港仅72公里。印度希望通过该港绕过巴基斯坦,打通进入阿富汗的新路径,进一步加强与阿富汗的经济和安全合作。随着近期中巴达成460亿美元能源和基础设施合作协议并加速推进瓜达尔港建设,印度总理莫迪希望加速推进与伊朗及其他海湾国家的合作。今年2月,印度政府在伊朗设立负责港口项目的公司,并提供1.5亿美元的授信。恰巴哈尔港是印度直接参与开发建设的第一个外国港口项目,年吞吐量将达250万吨。

不过,巴基斯坦《论坛快报》曾报道说,伊朗最高国家安全委员会秘书长阿里·山哈尼去年10月到访巴基斯坦时,针对恰巴哈尔港将和瓜达尔港竞争的说法回应称,两国港口将是合作关系而非竞争关系,伊朗不会利用恰巴哈尔港打压瓜达尔港。(甄翔)

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