The relationship between the Chinese and Indian militaries is the most sensitive aspect of the Sino-Indian relationship. It is often referred to as the “weather vane” of Sino-Indian relations. Border disputes, “confrontation over tent digging ” and “Donglang incident” have all plagued development of bilateral relations. Since the beginning of this year, with the rapid resumption of Sino-Indian relations, relations between the two militaries have improved markedly, and the “Dragon Elephant Dance” is flourishing.
China and India are connected by mountains and rivers, and friendly exchanges have a long history. The two ancient Eastern civilizations have created an amazingly glorious history. India was one of the first countries to recognize the new China and was one of the first countries to propose a legal seat to restore China’s place in the United Nations. China, India and Myanmar jointly advocated the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence and realised pioneering work in the history of international relations. At present, both China and India are at an important juncture of their development. Socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, and India has also set a goal of building a “new India.” China and India face similar tasks and have the common aspiration to strengthen bilateral cooperation. It is of great significance for the two countries and the two armies to strengthen strategic communication and build a closer partnership.
With differences in history, culture, and society, China-India relations will inevitably undergo some fluctuations. The biggest problem is that the border issue between the two countries is still outstanding. However, with the joint efforts of the two countries and the two armies, the two sides have signed the “Agreement on Maintaining Peace and Tranquility in the Area of Actual Control Lines on the Sino-Indian Frontier”, “Agreement on Confidence-Building Measures in the Military Fields in the Line of Actual Control of the Sino-Indian Border Area”, the “Border Defense Cooperation Agreement”, etc., and persisted in managing differences through dialogue and properly handling border issues.
History shows that as long as China and India adhere to the principle of …………………………………
(Author: War Academy of the Military Academy, Joint Service School of the National Defense University)
Translation of full text underway0