N.B. On-line version title “Looking at the people of Gubian, a well-off village on the Tibetan border: construction of the well-off village is vivid and colorful, and the team defending territory and securing the border continues to grow”.
Several changes have occurred in Le Township, and in Jiba Township, Mama Township, and Gongri Township in Lebugou in recent years; as a result of construction of well-off villages on the border, they have achieved a qualitative leap in the living standards of residents. In 2008, Dawa Puci, who married from Shigatse to Simucun Village, Gongri Township, Lebugou, talked about the improvement of housing: “In the past, our house was a large room, with yaks on the ground floor and the whole family upstairs. I moved in in 2019. The new house is more than 180 square meters. Not only can my family live in a spacious room, but there are also rooms to operate a bed and breakfast. To be honest, I thought I would suffer when I got to the border, but I never expected to be able to live such a good life now.” According to Dawapu The second home’s bed and breakfast room is 150 yuan a night, and there are too many tourists in the tourist season.
Awanggelai, deputy director of the Shannan Development and Reform Commission, said in an interview with a reporter from the Global Times that the city plans to build 96 well-off border villages and 62 have been built. These well-off border villages are planned to be completed before September 30 this year, and move in will be arranged immediately so that everyone can spend the New Year in a new house next year.
Xiaokang village realizes “prospering the border and enriching the people”
For the well-off villages on the border, prospering is a core goal. In 2018, all 12 counties and districts in Shannan City were lifted out of poverty. The well-off border villages such as Lecun and Simucun relied on tourism and ethnic characteristic industries to accelerate their progress on the road to prosperity.
Mama Township is located in the core area of Lebugou. It has (earned) several “titles” such as an ecologically civilized well-off demonstration village, a beautiful leisure village and a national rural tourism key village. Due to the relatively low altitude, Ma Ma Township has a different scenery from the impression of snow-covered plateau: cliffs, forests, dense vegetation, winding mountain streams, waterfalls… Relying on the advantages of natural conditions, residents of Ma Ma Township prospered after tasting the “tourism meal” — 66 residents of the township opened 49 farmhouses, 5 restaurants, 5 tea houses, 5 shops and 5 outlets for ethnic specialty products. In 2019, the total rural economic income of the township was nearly 5 million yuan, of which the tertiary industry income was 2.8 million yuan, and the per capita disposable income was 17,891 yuan.
In Le Township, next to Mama Township, in addition to the tourism industry, a tea nursery base and a professional tea farmer cooperative have also been established. Lecanglian, a special tea variety of the Monba people produced here, sells well inside and outside the autonomous region, so much so that when a reporter from the HQSB went to the cooperative to interview, a packet of spring tea produced this year could not be bought. In 2019, the tea cooperatives in Lexiang produced about 20,000 jin of tea and generated about 2.55 million yuan in income, which is an average increase of 13,000 yuan per villager.
These well-off villages on the border can realize the free flow of people and goods, and thus develop various industries, inseparable from infrastructure, especially road construction. “If you want to get rich, build roads first.” People in the border areas of Tibet may have a particularly profound experience of this sentence. A local resident told a reporter from the HQSB: “A dirt road was built in Ma Ma Township in the ravine in 1974, and an asphalt road was opened around 2013. Before the asphalt road, large vehicles could not enter, and the village was not open to construction. No matter how good the things we grew in the past, they couldn’t be sold. How much money could you earn carrying stuff on your back ?