In recent years, brain-computer interface technology (similar to “brain reading”) has developed rapidly. In August 2020, Tesla CEO Musk demonstrated a set of brain-computer interface equipment in San Francisco, USA — a chip that can be implanted in the human body for reading brain waves. And Facebook went a step further and worked with a team of Chinese professors at the University of California, San Francisco, to create a brain-computer interface that can decode question-and-answer dialogues from brain signals in real time. Although existing technology is not yet up to a level capable of interpretation of ideas, everything is possible with the development of artificial intelligence.A fundamental task is to promote technology but show red cards for risks. To prevent brain-computer interface technology from unduly infringing upon basic human rights, the law needs to set an ethical bottom line in advance. Foreign legislation has begun to protect ‘nerve power’ and prevent technology from obliterating personal consciousness. In October of this year, the Chilean Constitutional Amendment (Draft) provided for the protection of neurological rights, and the Spanish government’s latest regulatory new regulations also involve neurological rights.
Summary translation underway.