In order to further study, publicize and implement Xi Jinping’s new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics, promote the use of the party’s innovative theories to arm the mind, guide practice, and promote work, and to better transform system advantages into governance efficiency, the Central Cyberspace Administration and Guangming Daily have jointly Organize the “New Theory of Practice” online theory dissemination column, and successively launch a series of theoretical manuscripts and new media works on Guangming.com to analyze the internal logic between theory and practice, so stay tuned.
General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that poverty alleviation is not the end, but the starting point for a new life and new struggle. It is necessary to continue to promote the effective connection of comprehensive poverty alleviation and rural revitalization, promote the smooth transformation of poverty reduction strategies and work systems, integrate into the rural revitalization strategy, and establish a system and mechanism that combines long-term and short-term measures and treats both symptoms and root causes. In the “Proposal of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Formulating the Fourteenth Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development and the Long-term Goals for 2035” adopted by the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, it once again emphasized and put forward “to achieve consolidation and expansion of poverty alleviation. Achievements are effectively connected with rural revitalization. The plan has laid out the major policies for effectively linking poverty alleviation and rural revitalization during the 14th Five-Year Plan period. A protective net has been built to prevent the poor from returning to poverty, and this is a new development stage for the 14th Five-Year Plan. The two major strategies of poverty alleviation and rural revitalization are effectively connected to build a foundation.
Why the two strategies of poverty alleviation and rural revitalization should be effectively connected
General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that the issue of agricultural and rural peasants is a fundamental issue related to the national economy and people’s livelihood, and that solving the “three rural” issues must always be the top priority of the party’s work…………..The need to solve the “three rural” issues. Agriculture, rural areas, and farmers have always been a permanent topic for a large agricultural country like China. China still has nearly 600 million people living in rural areas, and the poor are mainly concentrated in rural areas. The productivity is lagging, the ecological environment is deteriorating, governance efficiency is low, and the population is excessive , Problems of the aged still exist. The urbanization rate in China has soared from 29% in 1995 to 60.60% in 2019, while the rural population has dropped from 860 million in 1995 to 550 million in 2019. A full 300 million people have left the countryside, and the rural population is declining. The villages that have lost the support of young and middle-aged people are left with only the elderly who are unwilling to leave, women who cannot bear to leave, and children who cannot leave. The countryside is occupied by “left-behind elderly”, “left-behind women” and “left-behind children”. Realizing the effective convergence of the two strategies of poverty alleviation and rural revitalization has become a need to effectively solve the “three rural” issues.
To achieve the “two centenary” goals and realize the common prosperity of all people. The purpose of the Communist Party of China is to serve the people wholeheartedly. Its original intention and mission are to seek happiness for the Chinese people and to seek rejuvenation for the Chinese nation. As early as 1979, Deng Xiaoping formulated the “three-step” strategic deployment and the development path of “let some people get rich first and finally achieve common prosperity”. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core has further refined the “three-step” strategic deployment, strengthened the “two centenary” strategic arrangements, and made it clear that it will be fully completed by 2020. The goal of “a well-off society” is that “the key to a well-off life is not a well-off society, but it depends on the villagers”. Poverty alleviation has eliminated absolute poverty, but there is still a long way to go. Realizing the effective connection between poverty alleviation and rural revitalization is an effective measure to enable nearly 600 million farmers to lead the way to prosperity. Targeted poverty alleviation and rural revitalization correspond to different time periods, different focii and different mechanisms, but the fundamental goals of the two are the same, that is, to achieve the “two centenary” goals and promote the modernization of rural agricultural farmers. Only when the two are organically connected can we continue to consolidate the results of poverty alleviation and achieve common prosperity for all people.
The basis for the effective connection of the two strategies of “poverty alleviation” and “village revitalization”
For a major shift from emergency policy orientation to long-term policy design, the most urgent task is to find the commonalities and differences between the two, and to achieve an effective connection between the two ……….
First, the goals of the two are the same. ……
Second, the content of the two is in harmony. ……. For example, the development of advantageous industries in rural areas is not only an objective requirement for industrial poverty alleviation, but also an inevitable choice for industrial prosperity. ……… promoting the integrated development of rural primary, secondary and tertiary industries through the development of a chain of agricultural product processing industries, so that farmers can enjoy the benefits of value-addition. The implementation of relocation for poverty alleviation is an effective means to solve the problem of “one side of water and soil cannot support one person”. It is also an important form of conforming to the law of village development, promoting rural construction by classification, and coordinating the settlement of villagers’ livelihoods, infrastructure construction and ecological environmental protection………..
Finally, the two mechanisms promote each other. The implementation of the two major strategies of poverty alleviation and rural revitalization must rely on the strong leadership of the Communist Party of China and the system and mechanism of the advantages of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. The key to the success of poverty alleviation lies in the party’s leadership and institutional innovation. …..
………. There are many differences between the two, mainly in:
First, the priorities of the two are different from the top-level design. Poverty alleviation is the bottom line task of building a well-off society in an all-round way and the priority task of implementing the rural revitalization strategy. It has the characteristics of urgency, priority, and stage. To win the battle against poverty, we must adhere to the current poverty alleviation standards and, in accordance with the set time, target the goal of building a well-off society in all respects, and complete it without compromise. The rural revitalization strategy is written into the party constitution as one of the seven strategies. It is a top-level design for coordinating the resolution of the “three rural” issues on the basis of grasping the law of the evolution of the relationship between workers and farmers in urban and rural areas. In the top-level design of rural revitalization, we must highlight key points and concentrate efforts to ensure that priority tasks are completed first.
Second, the two standards are different. The time for poverty alleviation is to reach 2020, and the standard is to “stabilize the realization that the rural poor have no worries about food and clothing, compulsory education, basic medical care, and housing security; the growth rate of per capita disposable income of farmers in poor areas is higher than the national average. Indicators in the main areas of basic public services are close to the national average.” The strategy of rural revitalization focuses on the second centenary goal, which is to comprehensively build a modern and powerful socialist country. The standard is to completely change the face of poverty and backwardness in rural areas for thousands of years, and achieve comprehensive agricultural upgrades, comprehensive rural progress, and comprehensive development of farmers.
Third, the two targets are different. The target of the poverty alleviation strategy is the specific group of the rural poor under the current standards, focusing on the poor households that have been filed and registered, and focusing on the specific area of poverty. The target groups for poverty alleviation are established, clear, and strict standards. Poverty alleviation policies have strict implementation boundaries between poor households and non-poor households, poor villages and non-poor villages, poor counties and non-poor counties. Rural revitalization emphasizes the promotion of comprehensive revitalization through inclusive support, benefiting more than one billion people, covering urban and rural areas, and promoting economic, political, social, cultural, ecological development and party building in the integrated development of urban and rural areas, focusing on relevance and integrity to achieve Coordinated advancement.
Fourth, the two strategies are different. Poverty alleviation focuses on micro-policy. The biggest feature is to adhere to the basic strategy of precise poverty alleviation. “Five batches” and “six precisions” are the most concentrated manifestations. Poverty alleviation emphasizes the development of differentiated and skewed support policies based on the causes of poverty of every impoverished population, so as to implement policies based on people, places, reasons of poverty, and types of poverty, and implement targeted treatments. . The rural revitalization strategy focuses on overall planning, more emphasis on the coordinated development of agricultural and rural areas, adheres to the integrated design and promotion of agricultural modernization and rural modernization, highlights the leading role of planning, and emphasizes more on the premise of doing your best Do what we can, plan and step by step through continuous policies and investment to coordinate the development of various undertakings in agriculture and rural areas.
Fifth, the two issues differ in focus. The key to poverty alleviation is to solve the absolute poverty problem of the rural poor and ensure that the poor can achieve “two no worries and three guarantees.” Although there are also clear requirements for education, medical care and housing for the poor, increasing income is still the top priority. Rural revitalization will also improve rural infrastructure and public services, comprehensively improve rural education, medical care, pension, culture and social security levels, and solve multi-dimensional poverty. With the gradual improvement of the system and mechanism of urban-rural integration, the role of the rural revitalization strategy in the overall planning of urban and rural poverty governance will gradually appear.
How to effectively connect the two strategies of poverty alleviation and rural revitalization
The connection between poverty alleviation and rural revitalization must be organically transitioned from “poverty alleviation” to “rural revitalization”, from “two no worries and three guarantees” to “prosperous industries, livable ecology, civilized rural customs, effective governance, and living rich”.
First, build an industrial system, realize the transition from industrial poverty alleviation to industrial revitalization, and lay a solid foundation for rural revitalization. …………………..
Second, cultivate a team of talents, and realize the transition from “tip soldiers” in poverty alleviation to talent revitalization. …………..In revitalization, outstanding cadres who are “particularly capable of enduring hardship, particularly capable of fighting, particularly capable of responsibility, and particularly capable of dedication” are required to continue to play the exemplary and leading role of “leaders” and “commandos”, but also need to pass “internal education” and “external introduction”. “Cultivate a large number of new farmers, new entrepreneurs, and new technology experts who understand agriculture, love the countryside, and love farmers.
Third, build a civilized rural customs and realize the transition from cultural poverty alleviation to cultural revitalization. Culture plays a leading role in poverty alleviation and rural revitalization. Cultural revitalization should be guided by the core values of socialism, adopt effective methods that conform to the characteristics of rural areas and farmers, and strengthen education in patriotism, collectivism, and socialism. On the one hand, we should give full play to the role of the online and offline platforms, and use scientific theories to educate and arm farmers. On the other hand, it is necessary to sort out moral resources such as township regulations, folk conventions, genealogy and family precepts, give full play to the demonstration effect of the advanced models around the villagers, promote the traditional Chinese virtues, and educate and guide the villagers to be good, filial piety and love relatives, respect righteousness and trustworthiness, and be diligent and thrifty. Maintaining a family, fostering a civilized rural style, a good family style, and a simple folk style, and deeply promote the construction of rural social ethics, family virtues, and villagers’ morals.
Fourth, cultivate ecological agriculture, …….
Fifth, improve rural governance and provide effective organizational guarantees for rural revitalization. The leadership of the party is the cornerstone and guarantee for the overall revitalization of the rural areas. The grassroots party organizations have played an important role in the fight against poverty. They are the “work teams that do not leave” and the backbone of the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy. Organizational guarantee. Therefore, we must continue to give play to the organizational advantages of the grassroots party organizations, unite the thoughts, actions, strength, and wisdom of the broad masses of grassroots party members and the masses, so that they can join forces in the construction of the rural economy and society.
(Author is a Professor and Dean of the Government Institute of Management, the Beijing Normal University)