On March 1, the 2020 edition of the “Mental Health Blue Book” jointly organized by the Institute of Psychology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Social Science Press was launched in Beijing, officially releasing the “China National Mental Health Report (2019-2020)”. (hereinafter referred to as the “Report”).
What is the state of national mental health in 2020? The Report shows that, compared with the results of the first national mental health survey conducted by the Institute of Psychology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2008, the regional differences in China’s national mental health in 2020 are still significant, with the eastern region significantly better than other regions, the urban population significantly better than the rural population, and the psychological problems of low-income, low-education, jobless and unemployed people more severe.
Chen Zhiyan, deputy editor-in-chief of the Blue Book and professor at the Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, further explained that in terms of regional differences, the number of people at risk of depression in the eastern region was only 2.6% lower than that in the central and western regions in 2008, and the gap widens to 8% by 2020. However, in a cross-year comparison of mental health awareness, more people believe mental health work is important in 2020, a 6.1% increase from 12 years ago, and people’s mental health awareness has increased.
The landmark mental health change occurred in the cross-year comparison of “life satisfaction characteristics. The comparison shows that in 2008, people’s life satisfaction with family life and physical health was more and less satisfaction with material life, but in 2020, satisfaction with material life quality, represented by housing and cars, has increased significantly, while satisfaction with other aspects and overall satisfaction has decreased slightly. Chen Ziyan said, “This shows that the hidden demand for mental health services is growing”.
Standing in a different time dimension, one finds that people feel very different about the state of mental health. The Report shows that compared to ten years ago, the satisfaction level of mental health felt by people has decreased significantly, while compared to one year ago, it has increased. Looking at mental health expectations for the next five years, the Report concludes that people have more positive expectations than negative ones.