General Secretary Xi Jinping recently visited the medical and health education members who participated in the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference and said with emotion: “Post-70s, 80s, 90s, 00s, before they go out to see the world, China can already look at the world. It’s like we were back then…” The words of the general secretary aroused the resonance of countless people in the country.
The post-70s, post-80s, post-90s, and post-00s are the main bodies of China’s construction now and in the future. The fundamental reason why their perspective on the world has changed is the tremendous progress made by the People’s Republic of China over the past 70 years. For a long period of time in history, China has been at the center of East Asia. Judging from some archaeological discoveries currently known, the Liangzhu culture in Yuyao, Zhejiang and the Heluo culture in Henan entered the state of the kingdom more than 5,000 years ago. With the Central Plains region as the center, China entered the state of empire more than 4,000 years ago. From the time Emperor Qin Shihuang completed the great cause of unification more than 2,000 years ago and entered the imperial era until the end of the Qing Dynasty, the Chinese civilization has been leading the world for most of the time.
After entering modern times, Chinese civilization has encountered “great changes unseen in thousands of years.” A new industrial civilization has emerged in the West. It has achieved overwhelming technological and efficiency advantages over agricultural civilization in economic, military and social management. The “Heavenly Kingdom” was reduced to a semi-colonial and semi-feudal country. The brilliance in history and the decline in modern times have caused psychological trauma and humiliation to the Chinese people are particularly strong.
The outstanding Chinese sons and daughters did not let this state be left to nothing. People with lofty ideals began to look for a way to save the nation. The true direction is the founding of New China. The Communist Party of China led the people in difficult explorations, and finally mastered the know-how of industrialization with much stronger determination and strength than the elites of the Republic of China in the late Qing Dynasty and realized the civilized transition from agricultural civilization to industrial civilization. In the mainstream of the world. By 2018, China’s manufacturing value added accounted for more than 28% of the world’s share. China’s 5G, high-speed rail, power grid, aerospace, and large machinery are also in the leading position in the world. These facts have had a fundamental impact on the world situation. The most important sign is “rising in the east and falling in the west”, and the world has thus entered a major change unseen in a century.
When the builders of the new era who grew up in this context were in contact with the West, the physical shock disappeared, and they changed from looking up to looking up. At the same time, some problems have arisen. The first is the divergence of opinions between the new construction subjects and the previous generation subjects who are still at work. When the opening up in the 1980s, the West was at its peak after World War II, and we had just experienced the first stage of national development and accumulation rather than personal life accumulation. The gap in living standards between China and the West was relatively large. That particular state led to that generation. The special Western complex of some of the builders is different from that of the new generation of construction subjects.
Secondly, Western countries and some neighboring countries that were originally in a position to overlook us have had to go through a process of transformation and adaptation as China’s national power rises and the main body of social construction changes.
We do not have to shy away from the above facts, but I am optimistic that this situation will be changed in the future. As long as China does not make strategic mistakes, it is only a matter of time before China completes its national rejuvenation. At present, the main problem is that the situation of “the United States is strong and we are weak” has not changed. It exists in eight aspects, “four hard and four soft”: the total GDP and per capita GDP of the United States are higher. The United States masters the core part of high-end technology. The U.S. has a stronger military strength, the U.S. dollar has a hegemonic advantage, the U.S. has close to 60 allies in legal theory, and has a greater voice in the international public opinion field. Some domestic elites in China have a mentality of “respecting the United States and kneeling the United States.” The United States has many in China. interest. I believe that China can gradually narrow the above-mentioned gap through the development of the future period of time, overcome the shortcomings of science and technology, and raise its military strength to a higher level. The internationalization of the renminbi has made progress, the “Belt and Road” cooperation will be further developed, and the main body of domestic builders will be further changed. At the same time, modern memory looks at the world with a more confident, equal, and tolerant attitude. In the new situation, the West can gradually accept reality and view China in a relatively equal manner. From the perspective of a community with a shared future for mankind, a healthier interaction between China and the West is the blessing of the entire world.
(The author is the deputy dean of the School of International Relations, Renmin University of China)