Journal : People's Daily (Chinese) Date : Author : Zou Song Page No. : 21
URL :  http://paper.people.com.cn/rmrb/html/2015-07/07/nbs.D110000renmrb_01.htm

Indian PM Modi began his trip to five countries in central Asia on July 6, 2015. According to Deccan Herald, his first stop was Uzbekistan, and then Kazakhstan, after which he would attend the 7th BRICS Leaders’ meeting and the 15th SCO Leaders’ meeting in Ufa, Russia. He would end his trip with visits to Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. It is the first time that Indian Prime Minister has visited the five countries in central Asia together in a trip. Indian media have high expectations on his trip, in which, they thought, energy, trade and geographical strategies would be eye-catching topics.

The schedule of this trip contains profound meaning. Firstpost said in a report on July 5th that Modi would hold talks with local experts on Indian studies and students learning Hindi in Tashkent, capital of Uzbekistan, aiming to strengthen the standing of Uzbekistan as a center of Global Indian studies. In Nazarbayev University of Kazakhstan, Modi would deliver a speech and inaugrate the Indian-Kazakhstan super computer research center. In Turkmenistan, the first traditional medicine and Yoga center in central Asia would be completed. In the capital of Kyrgyzstan, the central hospital of Bishkek would launch a pilot project of net treatment with Indian hospitals. As for visits to Tajikistan, leaders of both countries would hold “close talks” according to the Foreign Ministry of India. But media held the view that the talks would cover the cooperation in military sector.

Although Modi’s trips to the five countries in central Asia have various features, but they hold same targets. Energy cooperation is considered to be the first petition for the whole trip. The Hindus analyzed that central Asia gathered the most plentiful and diverse energy sources in the world. For example, Kazakhstan was among the main petroleum importer list. Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan have the biggest natural gas reserve. Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan have rich oil and gas resources, which remained untapped due to economic restrictions. The construction of energy channels is as important as energy trade. The Economic Times pointed out that India had been promoting the construction of oil and gas channels connecting Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan.

Confederation of Indian Industry considers that this trip will be a milestone to re radiate the vigor of the long-standing exchanges between India and five countries in central Asia. CII holds the view that, except for energy sector, there’s great potential for India to cooperate with countries in central Asia in mining, metallurgical industry, agricultural products, medical, textile, chemical industry and so on. Yearly turnover between India and the five counties are only 1.4 billion USD, lagging far behind the five countries cooperation scale with China and Russia. It is estimate by the CII that Kazakhstan is India’s biggest trade partner among the five countries in central Asia. Only by strengthening the supply of Petrochemical energy sources, the turnover would exceed that of the past.

The geographical strategy concerns are also an important part of Modi’s trip to central Asia. The Hindu analyzed that the five countries in central Asia was a focus of China’s “One Belt, One Road” initiative, and India awaiting a chance to participate in the project. The paper quoted Jay Shankar, Secretary of Foreign Affairs of India: “China and India are at the entrance of substantive discussion on the cooperation under the framework of the “One Belt, One Road” initiative.”

 

寻求合作,印度总理遍访中亚五国

本报驻印度记者 邹松

《 人民日报 》( 2015年07月07日 21 版)

印度总理莫迪7月6日启程访问中亚五国。据印度《德干先驱报》报道,莫迪中亚之行的首站是乌兹别克斯坦,接着是哈萨克斯坦,随后两日将在俄罗斯乌法参加金砖国家领导人第七次会晤和上海合作组织成员国元首理事会第十五次会议。之后再对土库曼斯坦、吉尔吉斯斯坦和塔吉克斯坦进行访问。这是印度总理首次一次性遍访中亚五国,印度舆论对此颇有期待,认为能源、贸易及地缘战略等都是莫迪此访必不可少的话题。

莫迪此行安排的内容颇具意义。据印度《第一邮报》5日报道,莫迪将在乌兹别克斯坦首都塔什干与当地印度学专家及印地语学生交流,加强乌兹别克斯坦作为全球印度学研究中心的地位和作用。在哈萨克斯坦纳扎尔巴耶夫大学,莫迪将发表演讲并为印哈超级计算机研究中心的落成剪彩。在土库曼斯坦,中亚地区第一个传统医药及瑜伽中心将落成。在吉尔吉斯斯坦,首都比什凯克中心医院将与印度医院展开网络诊疗试点。关于访问塔吉克斯坦,印度外交部只透露两国领导人会进行“密切会谈”,但舆论认为双方一定会谈及两国在军事领域的合作。

莫迪一次性遍访中亚五国,虽然访问内容各具特色,但目标相近。能源合作被认为是莫迪中亚之行的第一诉求。印度《教徒报》日前分析称,中亚地区是全球能源丰富性与多样性最集中的地区,例如哈萨克斯坦是世界主要产油国,土库曼斯坦和乌兹别克斯坦拥有世界最大的天然气储备。塔吉克斯坦和吉尔吉斯斯坦油气资源丰富,只是受经济条件所限尚未开发。与能源贸易同等重要的是能源通道的建设,印度《经济时报》指出,印度一直在推进连接土库曼斯坦、阿富汗、伊朗和巴基斯坦的油气管线。

印度工业联合会认为,莫迪此访具有“里程碑意义”,印度与中亚五国悠久的历史往来将重新焕发活力。该组织认为,除了能源,印度与这一地区国家在采矿、冶金、农产品、医药、纺织及化工等多个领域合作潜力巨大。目前印度与这五国间的年贸易额只有14亿美元,远不及中国、俄国斯等周边大国与中亚五国的合作规模。该组织估算,哈萨克斯坦是印度在中亚五国中最大的贸易伙伴,仅加强化石能源供给一项,就将给两国带来远超以往的贸易额。

地缘战略考量也是此次莫迪中亚行的重要组成部分。印度《教徒报》就此分析称,中亚五国是中国“一带一路”倡议中的重点,而印度也正考虑以某种形式参与到该计划中。该报援引印度外交秘书贾伊尚卡尔的话说:“中印两国间就‘一带一路’倡议的合作正进入实质性讨论阶段。”

(本报新德里7月6日电)

 

print
Share now