Journal : Global Times (Chinese) Date : Author : Chen Junan Page No. : 6
URL :  http://www.jdqu.com/read-651299-6.html


The ASEAN doesn’t usually stand together when it comes to dealing with the dragon in the room. That, in some ways, is understandable: each of the ten countries have very different and complex  relations with China. Vietnam and the Philippines presently have the most strained relationships over contested South China Sea islands. The eight other members, all keeping an eye on their increasing economic integration with China.

How does a region in deep embrace of China’s economic power deal with its growing political might? That was the question also being debated in Jakarta last week, where I was present at a rare closed-door gathering of experts, opinion makers and journalists from every ASEAN country. There were at least three clear conclusions that emerged.

One, there is a strong sentiment that the grouping was beginning – however slowly – to start punching its weight. The second conclusion was that for all the bad press that China is getting for its South China Sea “bullying” and land reclamation activities, Beijing has been incredibly successful in its economic courtship of the region. President Xi-Jinping’s landmark Maritime Silk Road initiative is further consolidating China’s economic grip on the region. It isn’t difficult to see why the Philippines isn’t being backed strongly in its disputes with China. On the contrary, in Jakarta, there was a distinct sense of annoyance – rather than any empathy – for Manila. Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia all have close economic ties with Beijing that they don’t want to upset. The third conclusion is that a sense of unease about China’s unrivalled economic dominance in Asia is leading countries to seek closer ties with other major powers.

Despite India’s rhetoric of “Looking East” – since upgraded to “Act East” by the Modi government – there was a widely held view in Jakarta that New Delhi has largely ignored a region that is an increasingly important trading partner. China’s active courtship of the region with the government embarking on ambitious infrastructure projects under its Silk Road initiative presents a sharp contrast: Beijing has in less than a year dispelled any doubts about the seriousness of its initiative, today building bullet trains in Thailand and lobbying for high speed rail and port projects in Indonesia. There is much less confidence about whether India will follow through on "acting east". What is clear is that the current realignment in the region presents a unique opportunity for India. But whether it will be seized is an altogether different question.

(from India “daily”website, Aug 9: "Why India is no match for China in Southeast Asia" by Ananth Krishnan)

 

印度在东南亚难敌中国

来源:《环球时报》

时间:2015年8月10日

作者: 阿南特·克里什南,陈俊安译

 

 

印度在东南亚难敌中国

印度dailyo”网站8月9日文章,原题:为什么印度在东南亚不是中国的对手? 与中国龙打交道时,东盟通常不团结。这在一定程度上可以理解:东盟10国与中国有着很不同和复杂的关系。越菲现在因为南海争端与中国关系最为紧张。其他8个成员国全都盯着与中国在经济上的日益融合。

一个深情拥抱中国经济力量的地区,如何应对其日益增长的政治力量?这是上周在印尼雅加达笔者参加的一个会议讨论的问题。这是一个由来自东盟各国的专家、意见领袖和记者组成的罕见闭门会议。讨论会至少得出三个明确的结论。

其一,大家强烈觉得东盟开始发挥影响力了,虽然进展缓慢。其次,尽管媒体对中国的南海“横行霸道”和填海造地有种种负面报道,但北京在经济上拉拢该地区出奇地成功。中国领导人提出的海上丝绸之路倡议,进一步巩固了中国对地区的经济影响力。不难看出,为什么菲律宾在与中国的争端中没有获得强力支持。相反,在雅加达,对于马尼拉明显是恼怒而非同情。泰国马来西亚印度尼西亚均与北京有着密切的经贸关系,他们不想得罪中国。中国对此也非常清楚。最后,对于中国在亚洲无与伦比的经济支配地位的不安,促使各国谋求与其他大国发展更密切的关系。

尽管印度提出“东进”战略,但在雅加达有一种广泛观点认为,新德里基本忽视了这个日益重要的贸易伙伴地区。相反,中国积极行动,政府根据丝绸之路倡议启动雄心勃勃的基础设施项目。北京用不到一年的时间就驱散了对其倡议严肃性的怀疑,如今在泰国修建高速铁路,并在印尼为高铁和港口项目展开游说。对于印度是否会落实“东进”战略的信心要小得多。显然,当前地区的洗牌重组给印度带来了难得的机会。但印度能否抓住则是另外一回事。▲(作者阿南特·克里什南,陈俊安译)

 

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